The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

October - December 2016, Volume 12, Issue 4
Endocrine Care

Popa FL, Stanciu M, Banciu A, Berteanu M

Association between Low Bone Mineral Density, Metabolic Syndrome and Sex Steroids Deficiency in Men

Acta Endo (Buc) 2016, 12 (4): 418-422
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2016.418

Objective. To analyze the association between low bone mineral density (BMD), metabolic syndrome (MS) and sex hormones deficiency in men. Methods. We included in this retrospective study 199 men with osteoporosis or osteopenia and 167 men with normal BMD as controls, aged between 55-85 years old. Patients’ evaluation included: medical history and physical examination, X-ray of thoracic and lumbar spine, measuring BMD at hip and lumbar spine, serum glucose and lipid profile, serum levels of total testosterone (tT), free testosterone (fT) and estradiol (E2). Results. The results revealed a significant association between low BMD and MS (p=0.011). Vertebral fractures were more frequently associated with MS (p=0.041). Patients with MS had lower vertebral BMD (p=0.037) and lower E2 levels (p=0.024) compared with those without MS. In men with MS, E2 deficiency can predict the value of vertebral and hip BMD. fT deficiency can predict only the value of hip BMD. Conclusions. A significant association between MS, low BMD, vertebral fractures and sex steroids deficiency, in particular E2 and fT was found. The presence of MS and sex hormones deficit can predict the reduction of BMD.

Keywords: sex steroids, bone mineral density, men, metabolic syndrome.

Correspondence: Mihaela Stanciu MD, “Lucian Blaga” University Sibiu, Faculty of Medicine, Dept. of Endocrinology, 2A Lucian Blaga street, Sibiu, 550169, Romania, E-mail: