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ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA (BUC)The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938
in ISI Thomson Master Journal List
Acta Endocrinologica (Buc)
Stanciu M, Zaharie IS, Bera LG, Cioca G
Correlations between the Presence of Hurthle Cells and Cytomorphological Features of Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy in Thyroid Nodules
Acta Endo (Buc) 2016, 12 (4): 485-490doi: 10.4183/aeb.2016.485
Introduction. The presence of Hürthle cells (HC) in fine needle thyroid biopsy (FNAB) is a real concern for a cytologist and also for an endocrinologist. We aimed to demonstrate if the presence of HC is associated with specific cytological features in FNAB results. Material and Methods. This retrospective study analyzed 89 patients diagnosed with thyroid nodules, with FNAB; were two groups of patients: the study group A (HC+) (22 patients) with HC and control group B (HC-) (67 patients) with no HC; for both groups we analyzed the presence of 9 cytomorphologic features: overall cellularity, background colloid, lymphocyte infiltration, chronic inflammation, large nucleoli, small nucleoli, syncytial infiltration, nuclear pleomorphism/atypia, cellular pleomorphism. Results. We found no statistical differences between age and gender. Nodules with diameter greater than 2 cm were present, more frequently in the group without HC, 43 (64.18%). The presence of HC is correlated with cellular pleomorphism (p=0.042) and nuclear pleomorphism (p < 0.0001) with no correlation between the other investigated parameters. The presence of colloid was correlated with the absence of HC (p= 0.014). In group with HC was a positive correlation with cellular pleomorphism and fibrosis. In the presence of fibrosis, HC was correlated with nuclear pleomorphism (p=0.03). In the group with HC without fibrosis there are more characteristic the sets with positive nuclear pleomorphism, positive large nucleoli and negative small nucleoli (p= 0.002). Conclusions. The presence of HC in FNAB results is associated with colloid in small amounts, associated with nodules smaller than 2 cm, correlated with cellular pleomorphism and nuclear pleomorphism. Fibrosis can be a protective feature against malignancy because cellular parameters were not significantly associated with HC except the cellular pleomorphism.
Keywords: Hurthle cells, cytomorphologic features, thyroid, FNAB.
Correspondence: Liana Gabriela Bera, “Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Informatics and Biostatistic, Lucian Blaga 2A, 550169, Sibiu, Romania, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.