ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA (BUC)

The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

October - December 2017, Volume 13, Issue 4
Perspectives


Sancak S, Aydin H, Sargin M, Orcun A, Ozdemir A, Celik A, Sunar B, Aslan G

Serum Irisin Level Increases Throughout the Gestational Period and it Does Not Play a Role in Development of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Acta Endo (Buc) 2017, 13 (4): 393-399
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2017.393

Introduction. Irisin is a recently discovered novel adipomyokine that induces an increase in total body energy expenditure, improves insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance. It has been shown that circulating levels of irisin are low in patients with obesity, diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance. However, the information about the level of circulating irisin in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is controversial. Material and Methods. Serum irisin was measured by an ELISA in a longitudinal prospective cohort study in 221 women. There were 156 healthy pregnant and 65 women with GDM. Results. Circulating irisin levels were significantlly higher in the middle pregnancy compared with early pregnancy levels in healthy pregnant women and in women with GDM. Serum irisin levels were found to be lower in GDM compared to healthy pregnant women during first trimester but the difference was not observed throughout the pregnancy and it was comparable in middle pregnancy. There was a significant inverse correlation of BMI with serum irisin (r = -0.193, p = 0.004) and between HbA1c and mean glucose of OGTT with serum irisin (r =-0.377, p =0.0001) and (r = -0.147, p:0.03) in the early pregnancy of pregnant women repectively. Conclusions. The present study shows that serum irisin level increases throughout the gestational period from early to middle pregnancy in women with GDM, but there is no effect of irisin on the development of GDM.

Keywords: Irisin, gestational diabetes mellitus, myokine, insuline resitance

Correspondence: Seda Sancak, Erenköy, Istanbul, 34070, Turkey, E-mail: drsedasancak@gmail.com