ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA (BUC)

The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

Year Volume Issue First page
10.4183/aeb.
Author
Title
Abstract/Title
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  • General Endocrinology

    Cui Z, Qin Q, Chen P, Wang J, Zhang S, Mei X, Xie B, , Wang S

    Effect of Dorsomedial Hypothalamus Neuropeptide Y Knockdown on Hepatic Insulin Sensitivity

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2019 15(1): 25-31 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.25

    Abstract
    Objective. In this study we investigated the effect of dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) neuropeptide Y (NPY) knock-down on hepatic insulin sensitivity in high-fat (HF) diet-fed rats. Methods. Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to receive bilateral DMH injections of adeno-associated virus AAVshNPY or AAVshCTL and then accessed to regular chow. Five weeks after viral injection, half rats in each group were given access to the HF diet. At 16 weeks, rat livers were collected. Insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) mRNA expression was measured by qRT-PCR. Blood glucose levels were measured by the oxidase method, serum insulin, triglyceride, and TC levels were measured by Elisa. Pathological changes in the liver were assessed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. AKT, p-AKT, and GSK-3 levels were measured by western blotting. Results. Compared with AAVshCTL-injected rats, AAVshNPY-injected rats showed a significant decrease in blood glucose concentrations; serum insulin, triglyceride, and TC; HOMA-IR; and IRS-1 and PI3K mRNA levels (P<0.05). ISI, GSK-3, and p-AKT levels were significantly increased (P<0.05). HE staining showed that AAVshNPYinjected rats fed the HF diet had mild fatty degeneration. Conclusion. These results suggest that DMH NPY knock-down improves hepatic insulin sensitivity in HF diet-fed rats by activating the hepatic PI3K/AKT insulin signalling pathway.
  • General Endocrinology

    Zhang T, Zheng T, Wang C, Zhang W, Jia D, Wang R, Qiao B

    Effects of Wnt / ß-Catenin Signaling Pathway and Star D7 on Testosterone Synthesis

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(2): 155-162 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.155

    Abstract
    Background. This study aimed to assess the mechanism through which Wnt/ beta - catenin signaling pathway, and StarD7, prometes testosterone synthesis, and to explore a new pathway for the regulation of testosterone synthesis. Animals and Methods. Leydig cells were isolated from male Sprague-Dawley rats divided into four groups and treated with Annexin 5 in concentration of 0, 0.1, 1 and 10 nmol/L. Testosterone secretion, expression of StarD7, StarD7 mRNA, β-catenin and changes of β – catenin localization in Leydig cells of testis of rats were tested in the four groups. Results. mRNA and protein levels of StarD7 and β-catenin increased significantly, upon stimulation with 1 nmol/L annexin 5. Accumulation of β-catenin inside the cells and the nucleus, was observed by immunofluorescence staining, in cells treated with annexin 5. These findings indicate a possible role of StarD7 and β-catenin in the process of annexin5-mediated stimulation of testosterone synthesis. Conclusions. Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and StarD7 are involved in the process of annexin5 stimulation of testosterone synthesis. Activation of Wnt/ β-catenin signaling pathway by Annexin5, and increase in StarD7 expression lead to elevated expression of key regulatory enzymes in testosterone synthesis, thus promoting testosterone synthesis.
  • General Endocrinology

    Qian S, Huo D, Qian Q

    Paraoxonase 1 activity in Northern Chinese diabetic patients with chronic renal failure

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2008 4(3): 243-249 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2008.243

    Abstract
    The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity and dyslipidaemia in Northern Chinese diabetic patients with chronic renal failure (DM-CRF). For this purpose, 45 diabetic patients with CRF, 63 non-diabetic patients with CRF, 90 type 2 diabetic patients without CRF were investigated, as well as 70 subjects without diabetes and CRF. The serum PON1 activity and serum lipids, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc) were determined. The results showed that, as compared to control subjects, serum ArE1/PON1 activities were significantly decreased in patients with diabetes, CRF and DM-CRF. In a further investigation of the relationship among ArE/PON1 and lipid parameters in all groups, not only serum ArE/PON1 activity, but also ratios of serum ArE/TC and ArE/HDL3c were found to be significantly decreased in the three groups, and the degree of decrement was DM-CRF>CRF>diabetes. In DM-CRF group, multiple regression analysis showed that ArE/PON1 was closely related to HDL2C, Apo A1 and HDLC. ArE/TC was also related to HDL2C, Apo A1, HDLC/TC and HDLC. In conclusion, serum ArE/PON1 can be one of the signals reflecting the disorder of lipid metabolism of CRF, especially in DM-CRF patients.
  • Letter to the Editor

    Shao J, Wu X, Liu X, Qi J, Qi Z

    The Correlation between Neck Circumference and Umbilical Artery Blood Flow in Physiologic Pregnancies

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2018 14(2): 268-271 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.268

    Abstract
    Objective. To study the correlation between neck circumference(NC) and umbilical artery blood flow in physiologic pregnancies. Methods. One hundred and one healthy pregnant woman in the third trimester were enrolled. Anthropometric measurements and ultrasonic testing were done. Results. The women with NC ≥34.7cm had a more elevated umbilical artery pulsatility index(PI) and systolic/diastolic ratio (S/D) than the women with NC <34.7cm (P<0.01). NC were positively correlated with PI(r=0.224,P=0.024) and S/D ratio(r=0.415,P=0.0001). In multivariate analysis, NC was independently associated with PI (β=0.026, P=0.016) and S/D ratio (β=0.132, P=0.0001). Conclusions. Obesity has an adverse impact on feto-placetal vessels, and NC was superior to body mass index.
  • General Endocrinology

    Li Z, Sun B, Qi P

    FTO Overexpression Pprotects Pancreatic ß-cells from Palmitate-Induced Apoptosis by Preventing Activation of the Unfolded Protein Response

    Acta Endo (Buc) 2015 11(4): 436-443 doi: 10.4183/aeb.2015.436

    Abstract
    Background. Saturated free fatty acids, such as palmitate, can cause pancreatic β-cell apoptosis. Although the toxicity of palmitate could be mediated partly through endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, the mechanism by which fatty acid over-accumulation led to lipoapoptosis in β-cells has not been fully understood. Recently, the fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) gene is proved to be related to obesity and type 2 diabetes, but its function in β-cells remains largely unknown. Whether or not FTO could counteract palmitate induced β-cell apoptosis remains to be investigated. Methods. INS-1 cells were infected with FTO expression adenovirus and incubated with palmitate. Then, viability and induction of apoptosis were measured by MTT assay and Hoechst-staining, respectively. Western blot analyses were performed for unfolded protein response specific proteins and mRNA expression of target molecules was determined by real time-PCR. Results. Palmitate incubation led to β-cell apoptosis, whereas adenovirus-mediated FTO overexpression significantly ameliorated the effect of palmitate. Increased activation of X-box binding protein 1 (Xbp1) mRNA and phosphorylation of eIF2α were also observed after palmitate treatment, whereas FTO overexpression significantly ameliorated the effect of palmitate. The proapoptotic transcription factor CHOP was significantly enhanced by palmitate incubation. In contrast, in accordance with sustained cell survival, FTO overexpression resulted in notably decreased CHOP levels. Interestingly, mRNA expression of the chaperones Pdi, Calnexin and Grp94 was not altered by palmitate treatment, while FTO overexpression notably increased the expression of Bip. Conclusion. Our data showed that FTO overexpression could protect β-cells from palmitate-induced apoptosis partly through suppression of ER stress.