The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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January - March 2009, Volume 5, Issue 1
Case Report

Ghervan C, Tibre V, Prisca C, Duncea I

Muscular pseudohypertrophy associated with Hashimoto - thyroiditis (Hoffmann syndrome) - first familial case report

Acta Endo (Buc) 2009, 5 (1): 107-116
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2009.107

Hypothyroidism is a frequently diagnosed endocrine disorder that has characteristic\r\nclinical signs and symptoms. The frequency of myopathy in hypothyroidism ranges from 30 to\r\n80%. The major symptoms related are: weakness, muscular cramps and myalgia. The\r\npseudohypertrophic form is called Hoffman's syndrome and is quite rare, reassign diagnosis\r\ndifficulties both to endocrinologists and neurologists. The pathogenesis of this form of\r\nmyopathy is still unclear. We report the case of two patients, daughter and father with\r\npseudohypertrophic myopathy and hypothyroidism by Hashimoto's thyroiditis. The two were\r\npreviously treated for hyperthyroidism: first by antithyroid drugs and secondary by surgery (the\r\ndaughter) and radioiodine (the father). Both developed iatrogenic hypothyroidism that vas\r\ntreated by thyroxin replacement therapy. The muscular symptoms: progressive proximal\r\nweakness, muscle hypertrophy accompanied by stiffness, spontaneous muscular pain, muscular\r\ncramps and fatigue during mild exercise have developed during the year before admittance. In\r\nboth patients Hashimoto's thyroiditis was revealed by the high level of TPO antibodies and the\r\nthyroid appearance in sonography. Hormonal dosages confirmed hypothyroidism. Elevated\r\nvalues of CPK and electromyography established the diagnosis of thyroid myopathy. Muscular\r\nsymptoms were improved but not remitted by the thyroxin replacement therapy in adequate\r\ndoses, but CPK normalized. It is the first time that a familial case of Hoffmann syndrome is\r\ndescribed, suggesting a genetic susceptibility to the development of the syndrome.

Keywords: Hoffmann syndrome, muscular pseudohypertrophy, Hashimoto's\r\nthyroiditis, familial case.

Correspondence: Cristina Ghervan MD, "Iuliu Hatieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy\r\nCluj-Napoca, Dpt Endocrinology Phone:+40-744398417,e-mail: