The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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January - March 2009, Volume 5, Issue 1
General Endocrinology

Zdrenghea D, Ilea M, Pop D, Petrovai D, Bodisz G, Zdrenghea M

N-terminal pro b-type natriuretic peptide during exercise in patients with systolic and diastolic heart failure

Acta Endo (Buc) 2009, 5 (1): 19-25
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2009.19

The determination of cardiac peptides at rest and during exercise stress testing (ET) represents a useful tool for the diagnosis of heart failure patients, but their usefulness in isolated LV diastolic dysfunction was less studied until now.\r\nAim. The aim of this study is to compare the effect of ET upon cardiac peptides in patients with left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction.\r\nMethods. There were studied 101 heart failure patients, 58 with systolic LV dysfunction (LVEF 37.8%) and 43 patients with isolated LV diastolic dysfunction, mainly with hypertension (31 cases). All patients were submitted to a symptom-limited ET on cycloergometer, blood samples being obtained before ET and at peak effort. The plasmatic levels of N terminal pro brain-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were determined using ELISA method (n.v. <250 fmol/ml). The systolic and diastolic LV functions were determined by echo-Doppler, according to ESC guidelines.\r\nResults. The results showed that the rest NT-proBNP values were increased in patients with LV systolic dysfunction (640?220 fmol/ml) in comparison with diastolic dysfunction (419 ?120 fmol/ml), p<0.01. At peak effort NT-proBNP increased to 790?242 fmol/ml (23%) in patients with systolic dysfunction (p<0.04) and to 490.2?179 fmol/ml (17%) in patients with diastolic dysfunction (p= NS). There was a close relationship between rest and exercise NT-proBNP values in both systolic (r=0.99, p< 0.05) and diastolic (r=0.72) LV dysfunction. \r\nIn conclusion, in heart failure patients with both systolic and diastolic LV dysfunction, NT-proBNP is increased at rest and during exercise, the increase being significant for patients with LV systolic dysfunction, probably in relationship with more important hemodynamic abnormalities.

Keywords: NT-proBNP, systolic heart failure, diastolic heart failure, rest, exercise stress testing.

Correspondence: D. Zdrenghea, MD, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department ofCardiology, 46-50 Viilor Str, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Tel +040 264438940; fax:+040264207035,