The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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January - March 2009, Volume 5, Issue 1
Endocrine Care

Sorodoc L, Lionte C, Sorodoc V, Petris OR, Badiu C

Prolonged oral glucose tolerance test in nondiabetic patients with ethanol poisoning

Acta Endo (Buc) 2009, 5 (1): 61-73
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2009.61

Background. Alcohol ingestion can induce either a hypoglycemia or a hyperglycemia,\r\nin patients with acute and chronic ethanol poisoning, unknown with diabetes mellitus.\r\nAim. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether 5 hours prolonged oral glucose\r\ntolerance test (5h-OGTT) is useful in evaluating the abnormalities of glucose metabolism in\r\nacute and chronic ethanol poisoning, in comparison with standard methods (fasting blood\r\nglucose - FBG, and/or 2h-OGTT).\r\nMethods. 497 consecutive patients were enrolled in a 34 months cross sectional study.\r\nIn all cases, glucose tolerance was assessed by a 75-g oral glucose tolerance, OGTT 2 hours,\r\nprolonged to 5 hours. The relationship between clinical and biochemical variables of ethanol\r\npoisoning (liver status, lipid profile, metabolic syndrome) and glucose tolerance was\r\ninvestigated. Risk factors for hypoglycemia in ethanol poisoning were identified.\r\nResults. 349 subjects presented acute ethanol poisoning, and 148 subjects had chronic\r\nethanol poisoning. 254 patients (51.10%) had documented alcoholic liver disease (ALD -\r\nclinical, biochemical and imagistic criteria). Glucose metabolism abnormalities were\r\nrecorded in 143 subjects with chronic ethanol poisoning and ALD (96.63%), and in 207\r\ncases with acute alcohol poisoning (59.31%). 371 patients (74.65%) showed normal FBG,\r\ndiabetes mellitus (DM) was diagnosed in 54 subjects (10.86%), impaired glucose tolerance\r\n(IGT) in 43 subjects (8.65%), delayed hypoglycemia in 172 subjects (34.60%) and normal\r\nglucose tolerance (NGT) in 147 subjects (29.57%) using OGTT and ADA diagnosis criteria.\r\nHypoglycemia was recorded in more than two thirds of acutely poisoned patients, when alcohol\r\nlevel was 0.5-1.5 g/L. Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) were recorded in half of patients with\r\nblood ethanol levels > 2.5 g/L.\r\nConclusions. OGTT 2 hours and OGTT 5 hours revealed the same number of patients\r\nwith diabetes mellitus. Frequent co morbidities in patients with ethanol poisoning influence\r\nthe prolonged OGTT and revealed .especially delayed hypoglycemia, and IGT, as an indicator\r\nof alcoholic liver disease (ALD).

Keywords: ethanol, glucose metabolism, OGTT.

Correspondence: Laurentiu Sorodoc, MD, “Sf. Ioan” Emergency Hospital, 2 Gen Berthelot 700483, Iasi, Romania, Phone: +40722776247, fax: +40232216518, E-mail: