The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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July - September 2010, Volume 6, Issue 3
Endocrine Care

Ceausu RA, Balinisteanu B, Cimpean AM, Gaje PN, Capatina C, Gheorghiu ML, Ciubotaru V, Coculescu M, Raica M

Reticular fibers network discriminates between normal hypophysis and pituitary adenomas

Acta Endo (Buc) 2010, 6 (3): 335-341
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2010.335

Background. Usually, silver stain is needed to differentiate between normal or hyperplastic hypophysis and pituitary adenomas. Many papers reported the lack of reticular fibers network as mandatory for pituitary adenoma diagnosis. \r\nAim. Differences between the architecture of reticular fibers in normal pituitary and pituitary adenomas \r\nMethods. Gordon- Sweet silver staining of pituitary specimens, prelevated during pituitary surgery performed in 138 patients with the endocrine and imagistic diagnosis of pituitary macro-adenomas. \r\nResults.Pituitary specimens of pituitary adenomas was confirmed in 133 cases; 3 specimens were with normal pituitary tissue, 1 with pituitary hyperplasia, 1 with pituitary apoplexy.Twelve of 133 pituitary adenomas specimens were associated also with normal pituitary tissue.There was a loss of acinar network of reticular fibres in 115 cases, but the present study describes the persistence of reticular fibers networks in 18 (13,53%) of 133 pituitary adenomas. We identified five distribution patterns of remanent reticular fibers network in pituitary adenomas using silver staining. \r\nIn conclusion, persistence of reticular fibers in a small number of pituitary adenomas could be a possible pitfall in the discrimination between the normal hypophysis and pituitary adenoma.

Keywords: hypophysis, pituitary adenomas, reticular fibres, silver staining

Correspondence: Anca Cimpean, MD, ?Victor Babes? University of Medicine and Pharmacy - Histology, Piata Eftimie Murgu 2, Timisoara, Timis 300041, Email: