The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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January - March 2011, Volume 7, Issue 1
General Endocrinology

Georgescu C, Georgescu B, Mihu D, Porumb C, Duncea I

Relationships of Umbilical and Maternal Adiponectin, Resistin and Osteoprotegerin to Maternaland Newborn Anthropometric Characteristics

Acta Endo (Buc) 2011, 7 (1): 11-21
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2011.11

Introduction. Adiponectin, resistin and osteoprotegerin (OPG) are cytokines expressed in the adipose tissue. Pregnancy is associated with gradually increased maternal\r\nlevels of these molecules, also detected in significant amounts in umbilical cord blood serum samples.\r\nAim, patients and methods. To establish the relationships of maternal and umbilical adiponectin, resistin and OPG levels to both maternal and fetal anthropometric measurements and insulin sensitivity, 28 mother-newborn pairs were enrolled in the study. Blood samples were collected in a fasting state, after delivery, and serum insulin, C-peptide, sex hormone-binding globulin, adipocytokines, OPG and bone specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) were measured.\r\nResults. Compared to maternal values, umbilical serum adiponectin levels were about 3-fold higher; additionally, significantly higher resistin and lower OPG levels were\r\nobserved. Stratification of umbilical and maternal adiponectin levels according to tertiles of birth body weight demonstrated significantly lower maternal adiponectin\r\nlevels by tertiles of neonatal body weight. No relationships were noticed between infant birth weight and maternal or umbilical serum resistin and OPG, respectively. Umbilical resistin was significantly associated to both\r\nmaternal resistin and umbilical adiponectin. Multiple regression analysis showed that maternal BMI, umbilical insulin, C-peptide and resistin explained 71.83% of umbilical serum adiponectin variability. Umbilical resistin was independently predicted by umbilical adiponectin, umbilical C-peptide and maternal BMI, and the model explained 81.49% of umbilical resistin levels.\r\nConclusions. In human, umbilical serum adiponectin and resistin levels are significantly higher compared to adults. These adipokines may mediate the effects of maternal body mass on fetal development. The biology of the\r\nOPG/RANKL cytokine system in fetuses and newborns needs further research.

Keywords: pregnancy, maternalfetal-placental unit, adiponectin, resistin, osteoprotegerin, insulin, birth weight

Correspondence: Carmen Georgescu, MD, UMF Cluj - Endocrinology Department, str Eugen Ionesco 44F Cluj-Napoca 400496, Romania, Tel:+40264891234 Fax: +40264439258 E-mail: