The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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January - March 2011, Volume 7, Issue 1
Case Report

Saito T, Hayashi T, Tojo K, Utsunomiya K

Decrease in Thyroid Hormones Secreted by Toxic Nodular Goiter Following a Decline in Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 and Growth Hormone Levels in an Acromegalic Case

Acta Endo (Buc) 2011, 7 (1): 111-120
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2011.111

Sustained exposure to high serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) levels is likely to play a role in the development of the thyroid tumor in acromegaly; however, there is no report that indicate a promoting effect on the secretion of hormones by the thyroid tumor. We report a case of acromegaly in a seventy-one-year-old female with primary subclinical hyperthyroidism. Autoantibodies including\r\nanti-thyroglobulin antibody, anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor antibody were all negative. Ultrasonography of the thyroid\r\ndemonstrated a solid adenoma in the left thyroid lobe and Technetium-99m thyroid scintigraphy showed a high level of\r\naccumulation into the same lesion, indicating that toxic nodular goiter (TNG) was the cause of hyperthyroidism. Despite serum thyroid hormones remaining at normal levels,\r\nserum TSH levels went on decreasing gradually until transsphenoidal surgery to treat a growth hormone (GH) secreting pituitary adenoma. Interestingly, as IGF-I\r\nand GH levels normalized after operation, the serum TSH level increased and finally reached the normal level without\r\nintervention to the thyroid. Additionally, accumulation of Technetium-99m seen with thyroid scintigraphy slightly decreased. The evidence obtained from this case may\r\nsuggest a novel mechanism whereby excessive secretion of thyroid hormones from TNG in an acromegalic patient is\r\nregulated by IGF-I.

Keywords: autonomously functioning thyroid nodule, toxic adenoma, tumorigenesis.

Correspondence: Takatoshi Saito M.D. Division of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, 3-25-8 Nishishimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8461, Tokyo E-mail: or Fax: +81-3-3578-9753