The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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April - June 2011, Volume 7, Issue 2
Endocrine Care

Orasan R, Awon R, Racasan S, Patiu IM, Samasca G, Kacso IM, Gherman Caprioara M

Effects of L-Carnitine on Endothelial Dysfunction, Visfatin, Oxidative Sterss, Inflammation and Anemia in Hemodialysis Patients

Acta Endo (Buc) 2011, 7 (2): 219-228
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2011.219

Background Supplementation of Lcarnitine is associated with improvement in some abnormalities present in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Objective. The study aim was to analyze the effect of oral L-carnitine supplementation on endothelial dysfunction (ED), oxidative stress (OS), inflammation and anemia in HD patients. Design. A prospective, longitudinal and observational study was performed in a single dialysis unit. Subjects and methods.We studied 31 HD patients: 21 patients formed the Lcarnitine supplementation group (group 1) and 10 entered the control group (group 2). At baseline and after 3 months of L-carnitine supplementation (500mg/day) we determined endothelial-dependent flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD) and nitroglycerin induced endothelium independent vasodilatation, involving ultrasonographic brachial artery measurements, serum visfatin, malondialdehyde, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, interdialytic body weight gain, C-reactive protein, albumin, cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, ferritin, transferrin saturation, hemoglobin, erythropoietin dose, calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), parathormone and Kt/V . Results. In group 1, FMD (8.9 (4.5-12.5) to 10.6 (6.7-18), p=0.04) and Ca (8.4±0.6 to 8.8±0.5 mg/dL, p<0.001) significantly increased after L-carnitine supplementation, while visfatin (1.0 (0.2-1.3) to 0.4 (0-0.9) pg/mL, p=0.03), malondialdehyde (2.8 (2.4- 3.2) to 1.3 (1.2-1.5) nmol/mL, p<0.001) and P (5.6±1.3 to 5.0±1.2 mg/dL, p=0.005) significantly decreased. Albumin increased significantly in both groups (3.9±0.3 to 4.2±0.3 mg/dL, p<0.001 in group 1 and 3.7±0.3 to 4.0±0.3 mg/dL, p=0.02 in group 2). There were no other significant variations of the studied parameters. Conclusions. L-carnitine supplementation reduces ED, visfatin levels and markers of OS, but has no effect on inflammation, nutrition and anemia in HD patients.

Keywords: hemodialysis, endothelial dysfunction, visfatin, oxidative stress, inflammation, anemia

Correspondence: Remus Orasan MD, Nefromed Dialysis Centers, Cluj,Str. Ana Aslan nr. 40, Cluj-Napoca 400528, Romania Email: