The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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July - September 2011, Volume 7, Issue 3
Endocrine Care

Shahid A, Saeed S, Saeed S, Alam R, Butt T, Qazi M, Arslan M

Evidence of Hypogonadism and its Association with Serum Insulin and Leptin Levels in Male Offspring fo Diabetic Parents

Acta Endo (Buc) 2011, 7 (3): 365-372
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2011.365

Recent studies indicate a relatively high prevalence of hypogonadism with low gonadotropin levels, in adult male patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM).\r\nObjective.In this study we investigate the possibility of a predisposition to hypogonadism and its relationship with\r\ninsulin resistance and leptin levels in adolescent and young males with one or both diabetic parents.\r\nDesign. It was a cross-sectional study conducted on male subjects between 15-25 y of age.\r\nSubjects & Methods. Groups of subjects with one diabetic parent (n=30) and with both diabetic parents (n=30) were\r\ncompared with an equal number of age matched offspring of healthy non diabetic parents (n=30). Fasting blood glucose,\r\nserum insulin, leptin, FSH, LH and testosterone were measured.\r\nResults. Mean fasting insulin, and insulin resistance as assessed by HOMA-IR, were significantly higher (p<0.05) in offspring of both diabetic parents and mean serum leptin\r\nlevels were significantly higher (p<0.001) in both groups of offspring of diabetic parents compared to that of the control group. Whereas serum testosterone concentrations\r\n(p<0.05) were lower in both groups of offspring with diabetic parents, serum LH was higher (p<0.05) in offspring of both diabetic parents, as compared to control group. Also, serum testosterone levels were shown to be inversely related to serum leptin in subjects with both diabetic parents.\r\nConclusion.The present study suggests evidence of hypoandrogenesis in subjects with a family history of T2DM and the possibility of a direct effect of factors such as\r\nhyperleptinemia and hyperinsulinemia on androgenesis at an early age, independent of changes in pituitary function.

Keywords: Family history, T2DM, FSH, LH, testosterone

Correspondence: Adeela Shahid M Phil, Shalamar Medical & Dental College-Physiology, Shalimar Link Road Mughalpura Lahore 54000, Pakistan. Tel: +92-0333 448 1073 Fax: 042-36835555, email: