The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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January - March 2011, Volume 7, Issue 1
Endocrine Care

Rusu F, Rusu E, Radulian G, Enache G, Jinga M, Rusu A, Jinga V, Codreanu O, Mischianu D, Cheta D

Screening for Prostatic Tumors in Metabolic Syndrome Patients in Romania

Acta Endo (Buc) 2011, 7 (1): 47-58
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2011.47

Aims. The aims of our study were to assess the prevalence of prostate tumors in patients with metabolic syndrome.\r\nMaterial and methods. Subjects were patients recruited from three medical centers in Bucharest, Romania. For this study we selected men over 45 years of age with metabolic syndrome. The anthropometric measurements included height, weight, waist circumference and hip circumference. We calculated the body mass index (BMI) and measured the\r\nblood pressure. Biochemical tests included fasting plasma glucose (FPG), HbA1c, total cholesterol (TC), TG, HDL-C, fasting plasma insulin (FPI), prostate-specific antigen (PSA)and free-PSA. The prostate gland volume was measured by transrectal ultrasound. The diagnosis of prostatic cancer was based on a positive finding of the histological\r\nexamination obtained from 14-core biopsy.\r\nResults. There was a high prevalence of prostate tumors (benign and malignant) - 82.85% (n=343). Prostate cancer was\r\ndiagnosed in 7.9% of patients (n=33) using DRE, PSA, free PSA/PSA ratio and TRUS. The prevalence of BHP was 74.9% (n=310). The results of the present study indicate that\r\nPSA detects a significant number of prostate tumors missed in DRE. The use of DRE, PSA and TRUS, in combination, provided the highest rate of detection of prostatic tumors in patients with metabolic syndrome without infectious diseases of the prostate.\r\nConclusions. The prevalence of prostatic tumors, prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia in metabolic syndrome patients is high. Due to its increased prevalence, the BPH can be considered as a feature of metabolic syndrome.

Keywords: prostate cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia, insulin resistance, prostate-specific antigen.

Correspondence: Florin Rusu MD, ?Dr. Carol Davila?-Clinical Central Military Emergency Hospital Dpt. of Urology, 88 M. Vulcanescu st, 010825 Bucharest, Romania, email: