The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in Web of Science Master Journal List

Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

Journal Impact Factor - click here.

April - June 2013, Volume 9, Issue 2
Endocrine Care

Galoiu S, Ioacara S., Baciu I. , Coculescu M

Reduced Life Expectancy in Women with Nonfunctioning Pituitary Adenomas and Concomitant Hypopituitarism

Acta Endo (Buc) 2013, 9 (2): 219-228
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2013.219

Aims. Earlier studies suggested that patients with nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA) experience premature mortality, mostly from vascular diseases. The present study aims to identify risk factors associated with mortality in patients with NFPA. Methods. All consecutive patients admitted to a tertiary neuroendocrinology center for pituitary adenoma during 2001-2010 were screened. Only those with a final diagnostic of NFPA were retained. All 196 NFPA subjects (57.7% males, mean age 52.7±0.9 years) were followed-up for allcause mortality until December 31, 2011 (1298 person-years of follow-up). PAMCOMP software was used to calculate standardized mortality ratio (SMR), using the corresponding general population as reference. Cox regression analysis evaluated the independent hazards for mortality. Results. There were 26 deaths among 196 patients as compared to 20 expected. Standard Mortality Ratio (SMR) was 1.2 (95% Confidence interval (CI) 0.83-1.86). Females had a doubled mortality ratio: SMR 2.03 (95%CI 1.01-3.64), but males had a mortality ratio similar with general population: SMR 0.87 (95%CI 0.48-1.44). More patients with hypopituitarism for at least one axis deceased (22/156, 14.10%), as compared with patients without pituitary failure (1/22 patient deceased –2.07%), p=0.03. Prednison replacement for corticotrophin insufficiency (HR 1.46 (95%CI 1.12-1.90)) was correlated to mortality in females, but not in males, and mortality rose progressively with prednison dose (log rank: p=0.01). In males, last known maximal pituitary tumour diameter (HR 1.04 (95%CI 1.001-1.08) and age at baseline (HR 1.1 (95%CI 1.05-1.1) were modestly related to mortality. Conclusions. Females with nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas and hypopituitarism had a reduced life expectancy as compared with general population, possibly related to glucocorticoid substitution or a more severe pituitary insufficiency.

Keywords: nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma, mortality, hypopituitarism, glucocorticoid substitution.

Correspondence: Mihai Coculescu MD, "Carol Davila" Univ Med Pharm, Dept. Endocrinology, 34-36 Aviatorilor Blvd., 011863, Bucharest, Romania, E-mail: