The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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July - September 2013, Volume 9, Issue 3
Case Report

Kaya A, Cakir M., Turan E., Kulaksizoglu M., Tastekin G., Altinok T

Normocortisolemia after Ten Days Octreotide Treatment in a Patient with Ectopic Cushing's Syndrome Due to Bronchial Carcinoid

Acta Endo (Buc) 2013, 9 (3): 467-472
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2013.467

Context. We report the use of subcutaneous somatostatin injection three times a day to decrease hypercortisolism in a patient who had Cushing’s syndrome induced by bronchial carcinoid tumour progressive pneumonia due to immune suppression. Subject and Method. A 46-yearold man with 7-month history of DM type-2, hypertension and cerebrovasculardisease, vertebral compression-fracture was admitted to our clinic. Physical examination was consistent with Cushing’s syndrome. Laboratory results revealed hyperglycemia (143 mg/dL; reference range, <100 mg/dL) and hypokalemia (2.29 mEq/L; reference range, 3.5-5.1 mEq/L). His morning serum cortisol was 40 μg/dL (reference range 6.7- 22.6 μg/dL), urine cortisol-excretion was 2245 μg/24 hours (reference range 58-403 μg/24 hours), after 1 mg dexamethasonesuppression test serum cortisol was 28 μg/dL (6.7-22.6 μg/dL) and ACTH 354 pg/mL (reference range 7.9-66 pg/mL). Adrenal CT and hypophyseal MRI were normal. An ectopic source was searched for Cushing’s syndrome. Chest CT scan of the right lung showed 12x9 mm nodule. High fever cough occurred on the followp. Chest radiograph revealed diffuse pneumonic infiltration. Despite 3-drug antibiotic combination therapy, infection did not improve. Subcutaneous injection of octreotide 3x100 μ/g was initiated to decrease hypercortisolism. The infection improved rapidly after the therapy. The morning serum cortisol, urine cortisol-excretion, ACTH was at the upper normal range (77.1 pg/mL, reference range 7.9-66 pg/mL) on 10th day of treatment. The patient was a consulted for surgery and the nodule was excised. The pathology was consistent carcinoid tumor. Conclusion. Subcutaneous octreotide treatment may be helpful to gain time for exploring the focus in ectopic cushing’s syndrome and to control the serious infections due to hypercortisolism.

Keywords: Ectopic Cushing’s syndrome, octreotide, carcinoid tumor.

Correspondence: Elif Turan MD, “Necmettin Erbakan” University Faculty of Medicine - Endocrinology and Metabolic Disorder, Konya, 42080, Turkey, E-mail: