The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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October - December 2014, Volume 10, Issue 4
General Endocrinology

Ahangarpour A, Oroojan AA, Aliakbari FR

Effects of C-peptide and Nicotinamide on Serum LH, FSH, Testosterone Levels and Sperm Count in Nicotinamide/ Streptozotocin-Induced-Diabetes in Mice

Acta Endo (Buc) 2014, 10 (4): 588-594
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2014.588

Introduction. One of the diabetes complications in men is infertility. C-peptide and Nicotinamide have antidiabetic and antioxidant activity. So, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of these drugs on male infertility caused by diabetes. Methods. In this experimental study 40 adult male NMRI mice (20- 25g) were obtained and randomly divided into 5groups: controls, diabetes model, diabetes+C-peptide, diabetes+Nicotinamide, diabetes+C-peptide+Nicotinamide. Diabetes induced was confirmed 3 days after administration of a single dose of streptozotocin (STZ) (65mg/kg) 15 min after an intraperitoneal injection of Nicotinamide (120mg/kg). Then C-peptide (25nmol/kg) and Nicotinamide (100mg/kg) were injected for 28 days. 24h after the last drugs injection serum samples, testes and cauda epididymis of animals were removed for hormonal, testis morphology and sperm count assessment. Results. Diabetes induced could decrease serum testosterone level and sperm count significantly (p<0.001, p<0.05 respectively). Serum LH, testosterone levels and sperm count increased in Diabetes+Cpeptide+ Nicotinamide versus diabetes group (p<0.05, p<0.001, p<0.01 respectively). Also administration of Nicotinamide alone showed an increase in serum testosterone (p<0.001). Conclusion. The results of this study demonstrated that combined administration of Nicotinamide and C-peptide improved diabetes induced male reproductive disorders by enhanced serum LH, testosterone levels and sperm count in diabetic mice.

Keywords: diabetes, C-peptide, nicotinamide, sperm, mice.

Correspondence: Ali Akbar Oroojan Ph.D student in Physiology, School of medicine of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Science, Department of Physiology, Department of Physiology, Member of Student Research Committee of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Science, Ahvaz, 0611, Islamic Republic of Iran, E-mail: