ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA (BUC)

The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

October - December 2014, Volume 10, Issue 4
Endocrine Care


Wu YC, Huang CN, Chen YJ, Kornelius E, Lu YL, Lin YT, Li CL, Yang YS

Application of Self-Regulatory Behavioral Management in Postprandial Self-Blood Glucose Monitoring for Noninsulin Treated Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Acta Endo (Buc) 2014, 10 (4): 629-639
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2014.629

Aim. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) on glycemic control in insulin-naive type 2 diabetic patients comparing SMBG plus self-regulatory behavioral education, and SMBG plus individual education. Methods. Participants with glycated hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) of 7.5-12% were enrolled in this 24-week, prospective study. Forty-two and forty participants received SMBG plus selfregulatory behavioral education, and SMBG plus individual education, respectively. The glycemic and behavioral attitudes outcomes were evaluated. Results. The A1C level decreased in both groups, from 9.41± 1.7% to 7.84± 0.83% in the SMBG plus self-regulatory behavioral education and 9.62 ±1.08% to 9.09± 1.1% in the SMBG plus individual education. However, the postprandial glucose (PPG) level sustained more significant decreases from 277.1 ±80.1 to 175.7 ±53.9 mg/dL in the SMBG plus self-regulatory behavioral education, and from 261.2 ±80.5 to 221.6 ±41.2 mg/dL in the SMBG plus individual education. The frequency of PPG monitoring increased from 0.1 ± 0.81 to 3.46 ± 2.81 times/week in SMBG plus self-regulatory behavioral education, whereas it increased from 0.13± 0.78 to 1.01± 0.89 in SMBG plus individual education. The amount of carbohydrates consumed per day decreased and the amount of physical activity performed per week increased significantly in self-regulatory behavioral education group. Conclusions. The use of this model of SMBG plus self-regulatory behavior education appears to have resulted in superior improvements in glycemic control and behavioral outcomes compared with those achieved by SMBG plus individual education.

Keywords: self-monitoring of blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, self-regulatory behavior education, type 2 diabetes.

Correspondence: Yi-Sun Yang MD, Chung-Shan Medical University Hospital, Internal Medicine, 110 Sec. 1, Chien Kuo N. Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan, E-mail: monica119@gmail.com