The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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January - March 2016, Volume 12, Issue 1
Endocrine Care

Roman G, Bala C, Craciun A, Craciun CI, Rusu A

Eating Patterns, Physical Activity and Their Association with Demographic Factors in the Population Included in the Obesity Study in Romania (ORO Study)

Acta Endo (Buc) 2016, 12 (1): 47-51
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2016.47

Context. Four major modifiable behavioral risk factors are considered responsible for the current burden of the non-communicable diseases: tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and excessive alcohol consumption. Limited data on the lifestyle habits in Romanian population is currently available. Objective. To assess the eating patterns and physical activity habits and other lifestyle components in various age groups in the population included in the ORO study. Design. ORO was a cross-sectional, epidemiologic, multicenter non-interventional study conducted from January 2014 until August 2014 in 8 study centers spread in the main historical regions of Romania Results. Eating 3 meals/day every day was more frequently reported in the 60-79 years and ≥ 80 years age groups (53.0% and 51.7%) than in the 18-39 years and 40- 59 years age groups (26.8% and 35.8%), p <0.001. The frequency of eating breakfast every day increased with age from 43.5% in the youngest age group to 79.3% in the oldest one (p <0.001). Intense and moderate leisure-time physical activity was more frequent among participants in the 18- 39 years age group. Leisure time physical activities were associated with younger age groups, male sex, rural area, higher educational level and non-smoking status. Regular breakfast and regular consumption of 3 meals/day was associated with older age group, male sex and non-smoking status. Conclusions. Our analysis showed a high frequency of unhealthy lifestyle habits among the younger age groups as compared to the older ones, with the highest frequency of these unhealthy behavior reported in the 18-39 years age group.

Keywords: lifestyle, eating habits, physical activity.

Correspondence: Gabriela Roman MD, PhD, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Diabetes, Nutrition, Metabolic Diseases, 2-4 Clinicilor street, Cluj-Napoca, 400006, Romania, E-mail: