The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

July - September 2017, Volume 13, Issue 3
General Endocrinology

Chodari L, Mohammadi M, Mohaddes G, Ghorbanzadeh V, Dariushnejad H

The Effect of Testosterone and Voluntary Exercise, Alone or Together, on miRNA-126 Expression Changes in Heart of Diabetic Rats

Acta Endo (Buc) 2017, 13 (3): 266-271
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2017.266

Methods. Ninety Wistar male rats were used in this study. Type 1 diabetes was induced by i.p injection of 50 mg/kg of streptozotocin in all animals. After 42 days of treatment with testosterone (2mg/kg/day) or voluntary exercise alone or in combination, the heart of the rats has been removed and MicroRNA was extracted from the heart using miRCURYTM RNA isolation kit. Results. Our results showed that either testosterone or exercise increased miRNA-126 expression levels in the heart of diabetic rats. Treatment of diabetic rats with testosterone and exercise at the same time had a synergistic effect on miRNA-126 levels in the heart. Furthermore, in castrated diabetes group, miRNA-126 levels were significantly decreased in heart, whereas either testosterone treatment or exercise training enhanced expression of this miRNA. Also, simultaneous treatment of castrated diabetic rats with testosterone and exercise had an additive effect on miRNA-126 expression levels. Conclusion. This study showed that testosterone and exercise promote an increase in the expression of miRNA-126 in the heart tissue and this may be related to cardiac angiogenesis. These results may indicate that testosterone and exercise can help to prevent progression of diabetic cardiomyopathy due to impaired angiogenesis in the heart.

Keywords: Diabetes, MiR-126, Heart, Testosterone, Exercise

Correspondence: Leila Chodari MD, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physiology, Urmia, 51666_14766, Islamic Republic of Iran, E-mail: