The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

July - September 2017, Volume 13, Issue 3
Notes & Comments

Baktir MA, Ceran Y, Myers J

Exercise Capacity and Mortality in Veterans with and without Type-2 Diabetes: an Analysis using Propensity Matching

Acta Endo (Buc) 2017, 13 (3): 378-384
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2017.378

Context. Recent studies have demonstrated a strong association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and mortality, but bias due to differences in the distribution of baseline variables has not been adequately considered. We studied a cohort of veterans with and without Type-2 diabetes using a propensity score matching method. Methods. Males with (n=592) and without (n= 6,167) Type-2 diabetes were studied. Propensity scores were used to balance covariate distributions between groups with and without Type-2 diabetes. All-cause mortality was the end point. Results. Predictors of mortality included hypertension, smoking, Type-2 diabetes, BMI and CRF. For each 1 MET increase in CRF in the unmatched group, the adjusted HR was 0.83 in those with diabetes (95% CI 0.77- 0.89; p<0.0001) compared to 0.87 in those without diabetes (95% CI 0.86-0.89; p<0.0001). Similar trends were observed for the matched dataset: the adjusted HRs were 0.83 (95% CI 0.77-0.90; p<0.0001) and 0.88 (95% CI 0.82-0.94; p<0.0001) for those with and without diabetes, respectively. Conclusions. CRF is a strong predictor of mortality in veterans with and without Type-2 diabetes. Although the trend in the association between CRF and all-cause-mortality was similar for matched and unmatched data, the mortality risks were relatively inflated when using unmatched data.

Keywords: Exercise capacity, Diabetes, Mortality, Exercise testing

Correspondence: Jonathan Myers MD, PhD, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Cardiology, 3801 Miranda Ave, Palo Alto, California 94043, United States, E-mail: