The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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October - December 2017, Volume 13, Issue 4
Endocrine Care

Usta Atmaca H, Akbas F

The Effect of Short Term Alpha Lipoic Acid Administration on Adiponectin and Body Weight in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patient

Acta Endo (Buc) 2017, 13 (4): 461-466
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2017.461

Background. Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) acts as essential co-factor for mitochondrion respiratory enzymes. It has an increasing importance in diabetic neuropathy treatment. Its positive effects on weight gain and metabolic parameters have also been discussed. In this study, we aimed to search for the effect of ALA on weight, appetite, adiponectin and metabolic parameters in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Methods. This study is designed as a randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled, prospective study. 23 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with peripheral neuropathy (6 normal weight, 17 obese) and 21 normal weight control group were included in the study. Patients were given 600mg/day oral ALA for 6 weeks, added to their routine therapy. Body mass index (BMI), adiponectin, fasting plasma glucose, HbA1C, lipid parameters and CRP levels were tested before and after ALA treatment. Results were evaluated using SPSS 15.0 for Windows. Results. Adiponectin levels were statistically significantly lower and CRP levels were higher in diabetes group when compared to control group. Although ALA treatment caused a slight weight loss, it was not statistically significant. Appetite scores were decreased in the diabetes group but it did not cause statistically significant weight loss. There was no significant change in metabolic parameters or adiponectin after the treatment. Conclusions. 600mg/dL ALA treatment for 6 weeks did not favor for metabolic parameters in type 2 diabetes patients. This result might be due to the dose or the duration of the treatment, genetic predisposition or dietery habits. Trial of higher doses for long terms might be needed for recovery.

Keywords: alpha lipoic acid, adiponectin, type 2 diabetes mellitus

Correspondence: Hanife Usta Atmaca MD, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Dept. of Internal Medicine, Samatya, Istanbul, 34000, Turkey, E-mail: