The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

January - March 2017, Volume 13, Issue 1
Endocrine Care

Ulu H, Marakoglu K, Akyürek F, Kizmaz M

Evaluation Of Urinary Iodine Levels and Thyroid Function Tests in Pregnant Women And Their Infants

Acta Endo (Buc) 2017, 13 (1): 47-52
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2017.47

Introduction. In this study we aimed to evaluate urinary iodine excretion and the serum levels of thyroidstimulating hormone (TSH), free triiodothyronine (fT3), free thyroxine (fT4) and thyroglobulin (Tg) in pregnants and their newborn infants. Materials and Methods. This study was performed in Konya Faruk Sukan Children and Maternity Hospital, Konya Beyhekim State Hospital and Hospital of Selcuk University Medical Faculty. 180 pregnant women and their healthy infants born at 37-40 gestational weeks.Term infants included in this study were aged between 1-7 days, healthy. Midurination urine samples were taken into deiodinized plastic bottles and 2 mL of these samples were aliquoted to deiodinized eppendorf tubes. Results. Median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) was 95.5 μg/L for pregnant women and 245 μg/L for their infants. Frequency of iodine deficiency was observed as 63.3% (n=114) (<150 μg/L) and 24.4% (n=44) (<100 μg/L) in mothers and their infants, respectively. UIC of the infants whose mothers used iodized salt was significantly higher than the one whose mothers used rocksalt (p=0.030). Conclusions. It was stated in our study that UIC of pregnants was lower than the target limit (<150 μg/L), suggested by World Health Organisation (WHO) and iodine deficiency in pregnants is still a problem in our city located in the centre of Turkey. Iodine deficiency was observed in 24.4% of the infants and this prevalence suggests us that iodine deficiency is still an important health problem in infants.

Keywords: urinary iodine, thyroid function tests, pregnancy, infants

Correspondence: Muhammet Kizmaz MD, Selcuk University Medical Faculty, Department of Family Medicine, Konya, 42075, Turkey, E-mail: