The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

January - March 2017, Volume 13, Issue 1
Clinical review/Extensive clinical experience

Diri H, Bayram F, Simsek Y, Caliskan Z, Kocer D

Comparison of Finasteride, Metformin, and Finasteride Plus Metformin in PCOS

Acta Endo (Buc) 2017, 13 (1): 84-89
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2017.84

The effects of finasteride on insulin resistance and of metformin on hyperandrogenism in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are not clear. This study therefore compared the effects of finasteride, metformin, and finasteride plus metformin treatments on hormone levels, insulin resistance, and hirsutism score in women with PCOS. Fifty-two patients with PCOS were randomly assigned to receive finasteride 5 mg/day, metformin 1700 mg/day or finasteride plus metformin for 12 months. Body mass index (BMI), Ferriman Gallway score (FGS), serum concentrations of estradiol, sex hormone-binding globulin, free testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), androstenedione, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index and areas under the curve (AUC) for insulin and glucose were evaluated before and after 12 months of treatment. Reductions in FGS, free testosterone, DHEAS, androstenedione, HOMA-IR, AUCinsulin, and AUC-glucose were significant within each group, whereas BMI and estradiol were not. Comparisons of changes in parameters in the 3 groups did not clearly show the superiority of any treatment modality. The treatment with finasteride alone significantly reduced both androgen levels and parameters of insulin resistance. In addition, metformin alone was effective, and not inferior to finasteride, in the treatment of hyperandrogenism.

Keywords: PCOS, finasteride, metformin

Correspondence: Halit Diri MD, Erciyes University Medical School, Dept. of Endocrinology, 38039, Kayseri, Turkey, E-mail: