The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

January - March 2018, Volume 14, Issue 1
General Endocrinology

López López AL, Escobar Villanueva MC, Brianza Padilla M, Bonilla Jaime H, Alarcón Aguilar FJ

Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress Progressively Disturbs Glucose Metabolism and Appetite Hormones In Rats

Acta Endo (Buc) 2018, 14 (1): 16-23
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.16

Context. Chronic stress is characterized by increased release of catecholamines, glucocorticoids and other neurohumoral factors, predisposing individuals to obesity, insulin resistance and vascular disease, pathologies considered priority health problems. Study of alterations induced by stress on metabolism in association with food intake modulatory hormones (insulin, leptin and ghrelin) is mandatory. Objective. This research studied temporal course during 60 days of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) on glucose and lipids metabolism, and on the neuroendocrine system that regulates appetite-satiety balance. Materials and Methods. Wistar rats were exposed to CUMS for 20, 40 and 60 days. Corticosterone stayed high during 60 days of CUMS; after 40 days, body weight, cholesterol and triglycerides decreased and glucose intolerance was evident at day 60; insulin and ghrelin increased at 20 and 40 days, respectively; leptin decreased after day 20. Data suggest that 60 days of CUMS progressively disturb metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids as well as food intake regulatory hormones, affecting the metabolism, and can lead to the development of chronic degenerative diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes.

Keywords: stress, insulin, ghrelin, Leptin, chronic stress, metabolism alterations.

Correspondence: Francisco Javier Alarcón Aguilar PhD, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Iztapalapa, Ciencias de la Salud, San Rafael Atlixco 186, Iztapalapa, Vicentina, 09340 Ciudad de México, CDMX, Iztapalapa, 09340, Mexico, E-mail: