The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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April - June 2018, Volume 14, Issue 2
Endocrine Care

Rosu MM, Popa SG, Mota E, Popa A, Manolache M, Guja C, Bala C, Mota M

Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in the Adult (Aged 40-79 Years) Romanian Population

Acta Endo (Buc) 2018, 14 (2): 227-234
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.227

Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. Aim. To estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk (CVR) categories in the adult population (aged 40-79 years) of Romania. Design. The present study was part of the epidemiological, cross-sectional PREDATORR study (PREvalence of DiAbeTes mellitus, prediabetes, overweight, Obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia and chronic kidney disease in Romania). Subjects and Methods. Exclusion criteria: age <40/ or>79 years old and diagnosis of ischemic vascular disease. The CVR was evaluated using charts developed by the World Health Organization/ International Society of Hypertension (WHO/ISH) available for Europe B (epidemiological subregion where Romania was included). The CVR was divided into 5 categories: <10%, 10-20%, 20-30%, 30-40%, > 40%. Results. A total of 1631 subjects (57.0±10.7 years, 45.1% males) were included in the present study. The age and sex-adjusted prevalence of CVR >40% was 2.9% (95%CI 2.8-3.1%), CVR 30-40% was 1.85% (95%CI 1.8-1.9%), CVR 20-30% was 5.8% (95%CI 5.6- 6.0%) and 13.0% (95%CI 12.8-13.3%) of the adult Romanian population has a 10-20% CVR, these CVR categories being more frequent in male and older age. Diabetes, overweight/ obesity and smoking were associated with high CVR categories. Conclusion. Romania is one of the countries with high CVR, requiring CVD prevention measures.

Keywords: cardovascular risk, Romanian population, WHO/ISH charts

Correspondence: Simona Georgiana Popa MD, Craiova University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 2-4 Petru Rares street, Craiova, 200349, Romania, E-mail: