The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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July - September 2018, Volume 14, Issue 3
Endocrine Care

Atanasova Boshku A, Ivanova Panova D,, Ivanovska BZ

Adiponectin as a Serum Marker of Adipose Tissue Dysfunction in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Correlation with Indicators of Metabolic Disturbances

Acta Endo (Buc) 2018, 14 (3): 346-352
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.346

Adipose tissue is a major store of energy for the human body. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients are more prone to abnormal production of some regulatory proteins secreted from the adipose tissue. This study aims to investigate serum levels of adiponectin and their correlation with metabolic and endocrine indices in PCOS. Patients and methods. This study was conducted on 61 women with PCOS and 17 healthy women whose age and body mass index (BMI) were matched. Adiponectin serum levels were assessed and correlated with parameters of metabolic and hormonal disturbances. Results. In PCOS women, serum levels of insulin, HOMA-IR, testosterone, LH, and LH/FSH were significantly higher, while SHBG was lower than in healthy women. Lower adiponectin was observed in both PCOS groups compared to the control group. Serum levels of adiponectin correlated inversely with BMI (r=- 0.56; p<0.001),WC(r = -0.452;p<0.001), insulin levels (r= - 0.409; p<0.001), HOMA-IR (r= -0.368; p<0.001), and free androgen index (FAI) (r= - 0.53; p<0.001). A positive correlation was found between adiponectin and LH (r= 0.35; p<0.001), LH/FSH ratio (r= 0.33; p<0.001) and SHGB (r= 0.51; p<0.001). Serum adiponectin levels are decreased in women with PCOS compared to the control group. The decrease in adiponectin concentration indicates its potential role in metabolic disorders in the pathogenesis of PCOS, as well as in the development and progression of insulin resistance in PCOS patients.

Keywords: Polycystic ovary syndrome, obesity, adipocytokines, adiponectin, insulin resistance

Correspondence: Aleksandra Atanasova Boshku MD, University Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Laboratory Department, Vodnjanska 17, Skopje, 1000, Republic of Macedonia, E-mail: