The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

October - December 2018, Volume 14, Issue 4
General Endocrinology

Asadikaram G, Akbari H, Vakili S, Asiabanha M, Shahrokhi N, Savardashtaki A

The effects of Opium Addiction on Thyroid and Sex Hormones in Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Male and Female Rats

Acta Endo (Buc) 2018, 14 (4): 466-472
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.466

Objective. Opium is a narcotic drug that is commonly abused. The prescription of pharmaceutical derivatives of opium is limited due to their possible harmful effects on the body’s metabolism and tolerability by patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of chronic opium consumption on some sexual and thyroid hormones in diabetic and non-diabetic male and female rats. Material and Methods. This experimental study was conducted on 56 Wistar rats. The animals were divided into diabetic addicted (DA), diabetic non-addicted (DNA), non-diabetic addicted (NDA) and non-diabetic non-addicted (NDNA) groups of male and female rats. Peripheral blood samples were collected to measure the thyroid and sex hormone levels. Student’s t-test was used to compare the mean values of the hormones between two groups. Results. T3 serum level in male addicted groups significantly increased in comparison with non-addicted ones in both diabetic and non-diabetic groups. The testosterone level of male rats decreased due to the consumption of opium while it was significantly increased in diabetic and NDNA female rats in comparison with non-addicts. In DNA female animals, the mean level of 17-hydroxyprogesterone increased significantly compared with non-diabetic groups, however, it decreased in addicted females (diabetic and non-diabetic) in comparison with non-addicts. The level of DHEA-S increased significantly in diabetic and NDA male rats as compared with the non-addicted group. Conclusion. Opium affects the endocrine system in a sex-dependent manner, and opium could have different effects in diabetic and non-diabetic conditions.

Keywords: opium, addiction, diabetes, sex hormones, thyroid hormones.

Correspondence: Sina Vakili, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, 7178897993, Islamic Republic of Iran, E-mail: