The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

October - December 2018, Volume 14, Issue 4
Endocrine Care

Zetu C, Popa SG, Popa A, Munteanu R, Mota M

Long-Term Improvement of Glucose Homeostasis and Body Composition in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy

Acta Endo (Buc) 2018, 14 (4): 477-482
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.477

Context. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has gained popularity as a metabolic procedure, but its longterm effectiveness for Romanian patients remains unclear. Objectives. To assess the long-term efficacy of SG for Romanian patients and to evaluate the differences between 5 years and 1 year follow-up. Design. A longitudinal, prospective analysis of collected data from 68 patients undergoing SG between 2009 and 2014 was performed. Long-term outcomes at 5 years were analyzed in terms of total weight loss (%TWL), excess weight loss (%EWL), body composition and glucose homeostasis. Subjects and Methods. All patients meeting the standard criteria for SG before inclusion were prospectively enrolled in the study. Of the 68 patients, eight were lost to follow-up, therefore, 60 patients (41.7±12.5 years, baseline body mass index [BMI] 44.6±9.9Kg/m2) were analyzed. Results. The BMI decreased at 12 months with 30.7% from the preoperative BMI (p<0.001) and subsequently stabilized at 5 years. TWL and EWL were 30.6% and 83.1%, respectively at 1 year, with a slightly increase at 5 years. Therapeutic success rate (%EWL≥50) and diabetes remission rate (Buchwald criteria) were 93.3% and respectively 63.6% at 5 years. Insulin sensitivity index and metabolic clearance rate of glucose increased with 92.5% and 60.1% respectively, in the third month from baseline (p<0.001), while estimated second phase of insulin secretion decreased with 7.9% in the first month postoperatively (p=0.04), remaining stable afterwards. Conclusions. SG was effective in terms of %EWL, body composition and glucose homeostasis improvement for Romanian patients, the outcomes stabilizing after 1 year follow-up.

Keywords: Sleeve gastrectomy, Percentage excess body mass index loss, Body composition, Glucose homeostasis

Correspondence: Simona Georgiana Popa MD, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Craiova, 2-4 Petru Rares street, Craiova, 200349, Romania, E-mail: