The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

October - December 2018, Volume 14, Issue 4
Endocrine Care

Atalay H, Boyuk B, Ates M, Guzel S, Celebi A, Ekizoglu I

Red Cell Distribution Width and Acute Complications of Diabetes

Acta Endo (Buc) 2018, 14 (4): 514-519
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2018.514

Context. Red cell distribution width (RDW) has been associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), however data in relation to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar non-ketotic acidosis (HONK) remains unclear. Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between RDW, MCV, and RDW/MVC values and acute complications in T2DM. Patients and Methods. RDW was measured in 90 T2DM patients (30 DKA, 30 HONK and 30 T2DM without acute complications). Clinical variables were analyzed by One –Way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis and Pearson analysis with SPSS software. Diagnostic screening tests and ROC curve analysis determined the cut-off point of MCV,RDW and RDW/MCV values. Results. DKA patients had higher levels of plasma glucose (524.20±201.43mg/dL, p<0.001), HbA1c (10.73±2.29%, p<0.001), osmotic pressure (310.32 mosm/L, p<0.001), RDW (14.61±1.75g/L, p<0.01), and the RDW/MCV ratio (0.17±0.04%, p<0.01), compared to HONK patients. RDW/MCV cut-off value was 0.15 with 90% sensitivity 50% specifity these values for only MCV were 76.67%-70%, for only RDW were 76.67%- 63.33% respectively. The area under curve values for the ability to reflect DKA for RDW and the RDW/MCV ratio were 0.708 and 0.766, respectively (p<0.001). Conclusions. RDW and RDW/MCV ratio were found associated with DKA and valuable in predicting DKA. However these parameters were not valuable in predicting HONK.

Keywords: rdw, diabetic ketoacidosis, HONK

Correspondence: Banu Boyuk MD, GOP Taksim Education and Research Hospital, Internal Medicine, Karayollari mah. no:112, Istanbul, 34343, Turkey, E-mail: