ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA (BUC)

The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

January - March 2019, Volume 15, Issue 1
Case Report


Parepa I, Mazilu L, Suceveanu A, Voinea C, Tica I

Hypocalcemic Cardiomyopathy - a Rare Heart Failure Etiology in Adult

Acta Endo (Buc) 2019, 15 (1): 107-112
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.107

Introduction. Heart failure and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in adults are rarely caused by hypoparathyroidism induced hypocalcemia. Case report. Female patient, 40 years old, diabetic, with previous history of thyroidectomy for Graves’ disease, was hospitalized for syncope and symptoms of heart failure. ECG revealed sinus tachycardia, long QT, negative T from V1 up to V4. Chest X-ray, cardiac ultrasound and contrast cardiac MRI confirmed dilated left chambers, severe systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle (left ventricle ejection fraction=15%) due to diffuse hypokinesia and restrictive type of diastolic dysfunction. Patient status insignificantly improved with specific heart failure depletion treatment but important signs of hypocalcemia occurred. Low levels of total and ionic serum calcium were detected (total serum calcium 3.6 mg/dL, ionic calcium=2.2 mg/dL) along with low serum levels of parathormone (10 pg/mL) and high level of phosphatemia (6.4 mg/dL). After one month of parenteral treatment with calcium and oral vitamin D, hypocalcemic signs disappeared and heart failure significantly improved. Conclusion. This rare adult condition is refractory to heart failure conventional therapy but promptly responds to restoration of normocalcemia. It is important to be aware of this pathophysiological setting, in order to treat it correctly.

Keywords: hypocalcemia, hypoparathyroidism, heart failure, dilated cardiomyopathy.

Correspondence: Irina Tica MD, “Ovidius” University of Constanta, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Department, Cpt Dobrila Eug street nr.1A, bl. ST4, sc C ap 48, Constanta, Constanta, 900512, Romania, E-mail: irinatica@gmail.com