The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

January - March 2019, Volume 15, Issue 1
Case Series

Soydan L, Eren Ozturk H, Onal ZE, Nuhoglu C

Associations of Thyroid Volume and Function with Childhood Obesity

Acta Endo (Buc) 2019, 15 (1): 123-128
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.123

Context. The links between obesity and thyroid function or thyroid volume in children are still controversial with limited available data. Objective. This study aimed to examine thyroid function and volume in obese Turkish school-age children in comparison to normal-weight children. Design. Cross-sectional study. Subjects and Methods. One hundred obese children (47 boys, 53 girls; mean age 10.34±2.79 years) with a body mass index (BMI) above 95th percentile, and 100 normal-weight children (42 boys, 58 girls; 10.34±2.79 years) were included. The study parameters were BMI z score (Z-BMI), body surface area (BSA), thyroid volume, free thyroxine (fT4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels. Results. The mean TSH and fT4 levels did not show a significant difference between obese and normal-weight children (p>0.05). The mean thyroid volume was higher in obese children (6.46±5.84 and 4.64±1.44, respectively; p=0.043). fT4 correlated negatively with Z-BMI in both normal-weight and obese children (r=-0.285, p=0.004 and r=-0.289, p=0.004, respectively). Thyroid volume, on the other hand, correlated positively with Z-BMI, again in both normal-weight and obese children (r=0.657, p<0.001 and r=0.444, p<0.001, respectively). Similar associations were found for BSA. Conclusions. Thyroid volume correlated positively and fT4 correlated negatively with Z-BMI and BSA, in both obese and normal-weight school-age children, whereas TSH appears to be independent of these parameters.

Keywords: thyroid function, thyroid volume, childhood obesity.

Correspondence: Levent Soydan MD, Haydarpasa Numune Education and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology, Selimiye Mah, Tibbiye Cad, No:23 Üsküdar, Istanbul, 34668, Turkey, E-mail: