ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA (BUC)

The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

January - March 2019, Volume 15, Issue 1
General Endocrinology


Aioanei CS, Ilies RF, Bala C, Petrisor MF, Porojan MD, Popp RA, Catana A

The Role of Adiponectin and Toll-Like Receptor 4 Gene Polymorphisms on Non-Proliferative Retinopathy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. A Case control Study in Romanian Caucasians Patients

Acta Endo (Buc) 2019, 15 (1): 32-38
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.32

Context. Persistent inflammation and impaired neovascularization are important contributors to the development of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Gene polymorphisms of adiponectin (APN) were demonstrated to have an important role on the plasma level and activity of adiponectin. APN has anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic and anti-atherogenic properties. Toll-Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) is a critical mediator of innate immunity. Polymorphisms in TLR-4 gene were shown to be associated with impaired inflammatory response in diabetes. Objective. The aim of the study was to analyze the association of +276G>T variant of APN gene and Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile of TLR-4 gene variants in relationship with T2DM and DR in an Eastern European population group. Design. The distribution of the mutant alleles in 198 T2DM patients with DR and 200 non-T2DM controls was examined. Genomic DNA from T2DM patients and healthy controls genotyped through the use of PCR-RFPL assay. Results. Genotype and allele frequencies of the Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms differed between T2DM patients and non diabetic subjects (P<0.001). Moreover, the presence of the minor alleles of these polymorphisms were significantly identified as protective factors against T2DM, under a dominant model of Fisher’s exact test (χ2=4.988, phi=0.745, OR=0.767, 95% CI=0.602-0.867, P<0.001; respectively χ2=5.254, phi=0.820, OR=0.487, 95% CI=0.211- 0.648, P<0.001). Genotype analysis for the adiponectin 276G>T gene polymorphism yielded no significant association with T2DM, but revealed a borderline significance for the association with DR (χ2=5.632, phi=0.423, OR =1.101, 95% CI=0.887-1.203, P=0.009). Conclusions. We found an association between the TLR4 Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms and protection for DR. The APN genetic polymorphism is not associated with T2DM.

Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, diabetic retinopathy, Adiponectin, Toll-like receptor 4, single nucleotide polymorphisms, case-control study.

Correspondence: Casian Simon Aioanei, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy - Department of Molecular Sciences, 6 Pasteur street, Cluj-Napoca, Cluj, 400012, Romania, E-mail: aioanei.casian@gmail.com