The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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July - September 2019, Volume 15, Issue 3
Endocrine Care

Pinkhasov BB, Selyatitskaya VG, Deev DA, Kuzminova OI, Astrakhantseva EL

Hormonal Regulation of Carbohydrate and Fat Metabolism in Women with Different Obesity Types in the Food Deprivation Test

Acta Endo (Buc) 2019, 15 (3): 355-359
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.355

Context. The dominant type of adipose tissue accumulation in the body is associated with the peculiarities of using key substrates in energy metabolism and their hormonal regulation. Hormonal and metabolic parameters were investigated in women with android and gynoid obesity before and after the short-term food deprivation test. Results. At baseline, at gynoid obesity as compared to android obesity, the women’s blood contained lower glucose and insulin levels and higher FFA levels. The reaction to food deprivation manifested by a decrease in glucose level and an increase in FFA level in the blood is less pronounced in women with gynoid obesity than in those with android obesity. At the same time, a similar (though varying in expression) decrease in insulin level and elevated levels of glucagon, growth hormone and thyroxine were revealed in women’s blood in both groups. Blood cortisol level increased in women with gynoid obesity and remained unchanged in those with android obesity. Conclusions. More pronounced activation of hormonal mechanisms for maintaining blood glucose levels at gynoid obesity as compared to android one suggests that glucose is the preferable substrate for energy metabolism at gynoid obesity in women.

Keywords: women, obesity types, food deprivation test, glucose, free fatty acids, hormones

Correspondence: Boris Borisovich Pinkhasov MD, Research Institute of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Laboratory of Endocrinology, Timakov Street, 2, Novosibirsk, 630117, Russian Federation, E-mail: