The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

October - December 2019, Volume 15, Issue 4
General Endocrinology

Farhangi MA, Mesgari-Abbasi M, Shahabi P

Cardio-Renal Metabolic Syndrome and Pro-Inflammatory Factors: the Differential Effects of Dietary Carbohydrate and Fat

Acta Endo (Buc) 2019, 15 (4): 436-441
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.436

Background. We aimed to evaluate whether a high carbohydrate or a high fat diet differs in alteration of the inflammatory and metabolic risk factors in cardio-renal metabolic syndrome in rats. Methods. Twelve male Wister rats were randomly divided into two groups: one received diet 1 standard pellet rat diet (D1) containing 10% fat, 50% carbohydrate, 25% protein and another group received diet 2 (D2) containing 59% fat, 30% carbohydrate and 11% protein for 16 weeks. Weight was recorded weekly. FSG and insulin levels were measured using an enzymatic spectrophotometric and a standard ELISA kit respectively. Inflammatory parameters including TGF-β, MCP-1, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 in the renal and cardiac tissues of rats were evaluated by ELISA technique. Result. Food intake in D1 and D2 groups increased in the study period, however food intake in D2 group was significantly higher compared with D1 group. FSG, HOMA and TG concentrations in D2 group were significantly higher compared to D1 group. Moreover, TGF-β and MCP- 1 concentrations in the renal tissues of D2 group and TNF-α in the cardiac tissues of D1 group were significantly higher compared with D1 group (P<0.05). Positive associations between IL-1β and TG and between HOMA, FSG with TGF-β and MCP-1 in the renal tissue of animals were also identified.

Keywords: metabolic syndrome, diet, HOMA, insulin resistance.

Correspondence: Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi MD, Tabriz, 416658526, Islamic Republic of Iran, E-mail: