The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

October - December 2019, Volume 15, Issue 4
General Endocrinology

Donmez T, Erdem VM, Sunamak O, Ozcevik H

Thyroid Surgery, IONM and Sugammadex Sodium Relationships: Benefits in Sugammadex Sodium Use for IONM

Acta Endo (Buc) 2019, 15 (4): 454-459
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.454

Background. It is important to protect recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during thyroid surgery. Thus, intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) has got popularity. But, the half life of neuromuscular blocking agents used has a reverse correlation with reliability and effectiveness of IONM. This study aimed to research the effect of Sugammadex Sodium, a specific nemuromuscular blocking agent antagonist, on nerve conduction and IONM. Materials and methods. Twenty patients who underwent thyroidectomy under IONM followed an enhanced NMB recovery protocol-rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg at anesthesia induction and sugammadex 2 mg/kg at the beginning of operation. To prevent laryngeal nerve injury during the surgical procedures, all patients underwent intraoperative monitoring. At the same time, the measurement of TOFWatch acceleromyograph of the adductor pollicis muscle response to ulnar nerve stimulation was performed; recovery was defined as a train-of-four (TOF) ratio ≥ 0.9. Age, sex, recurrent laryngeal nerve transmission speeds prior to and after operation, BMI, duration of surgery, the change in nerve transmission after drug administration and complications were analyzed. Results. The mean age and the mean BMI were 47.6±11.82 years and 28.74±3.20, respectively. The mean operation duration was 52.65±5.51 minutes. There was no difference in either right or left RLN monitoring values before and after surgery. Following the drug injection, the TOF guard measurements on the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th minutes were 23.5±4.90; 69.5±6.86; 88±4.1 and 135.9±10.62, respectively. Conclusion. Neuromuscular blocking antagonist use and monitoring nerve transmission speed with TOFguard can provide a safer resection.

Keywords: thyroidectomy, intraoperative nerve monitoring, TOF guard.

Correspondence: Turgut Donmez MD, Lutfiye Nuri Burat State Hospital, General surgery, 23G Atakent Mahallesi, b2 d36, Istanbul, 34300, Turkey, E-mail: