The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

January - March 2019, Volume 15, Issue 1
General Endocrinology

Scridon A, Perian M, Marginean A, Vântu A, Gher?escu D, Fi?ca C, Halatiu V, Grigoras T, ?erban RC

Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes Mellitus – a Paradox of High Intrinsic Platelet Reactivity and Low In Vitro Platelet Aggregation

Acta Endo (Buc) 2019, 15 (1): 46-51
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.46

Context. Studies of platelet function in diabetics are inconsistent, some studies reporting higher platelet reactivity, while others showed no change. Objective. We aimed to evaluate platelet indices and in vitro platelet aggregation in rats with long-lasting (28 weeks) diabetes mellitus. Design. Twelve controls and 14 diabetic rats were investigated. Diabetes was induced in 11-week-old rats using streptozotocin (60 mg/kg,i.p.). Platelet indices and in vitro adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-, protease-activated receptor 4 (PAR4) agonist-, and arachidonic acid (AA)-induced platelet aggregation were assessed at the age of 38 weeks. Results. Compared to controls, diabetic rats presented lower platelet count and plateletcrit (both p≤0.001), and higher mean platelet volume (p<0.01). ADP- (p=0.04) and AA-induced (p<0.01) platelet aggregation were lower in diabetic compared with control rats, whereas PAR4 agonistinduced platelet aggregation was similar between the two groups (p=1.00). Conclusions. This study demonstrates a paradox of high intrinsic platelet reactivity and low in vitro ADP- and AA-induced platelet aggregation in diabetic rats compared with non-diabetic controls. The relevance of in vitro platelet aggregation to the contribution of platelets to in vivo thromboembolic events in diabetic rats remains questionable.

Keywords: animal model, diabetes mellitus, platelet aggregation, platelet indices, streptozotocin.

Correspondence: Alina Scridon MD, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tîrgu Mure? - Physiology 38, Gheorghe Marinescu Street , Tîrgu Mure? 540139, Romania, E-mail: