The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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October - December 2019, Volume 15, Issue 4
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Altun Tuzcu S, Cetin FA, Pekkolay Z, Tuzcu AK

18f-Fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT Can Be an Alternative Method to Assessment of Insulin Resistance

Acta Endo (Buc) 2019, 15 (4): 539-543
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.539

Background. Insulin resistance is routinely measured by homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR).Positron emission tomography of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose combined with computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) is a valuable assessment tool for patients with cancer or staging tumors. 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging can also be utilised to detect the metabolic activity of glucose in the adipose tissue, liver and muscles. The aim of this study was to determine insulin sensitivity in the liver, muscle visceral adipose and subcutaneous adipose tissue separately via18F-FDG PET/CT. Materials and method. Sixty three adult patients who underwent whole body 18F-FDG PET/CT scanning for clinical purposes (diagnosis or staging of cancer) between July and August of 2016 were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups according to their BMI (Group 1: BMI<25kg/m2, Group 2: BMI>25kg/ m2). HOMA-IR,fasting glucose,insulin, triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL levels were measured. We calculated SUV as the tissue activity of the ROI (MBq/g)/(injected dose [MBq]/ body weight [g]) on PET images and measured the maximum SUVs (SUVmax) of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT),liver and rectus muscle ROIs (2 cm). SUV corrected by blood glucose level (SUVgluc) was calculated as SUVmax×blood glucose level/100. Student-t test, Chi-square test and Pearson correlation test were used for statistical analysis. Results. Mean glucose,insulin,HOMA-IR levels of the group-2 were statistically higher than of group-1. Muscle SUVmax and liver SUVmax of group-1 were statistically higher than of group-2. Muscle SUVgluc of group-1 was statistically higher than of group-2. HOMA-IR was negatively correlated with both SUVmax(r=-0.340, p=0.01) and muscle SUVmax(r=-0.373, p=0.005) Conclusion. 18F-FDG PET/CT has shown that the muscle tissue maximum FDG uptake was lower in the insulin resistance group. Therefore, 18-FDG PET/CT could be a valuable tool for diagnosing insulin resistance.

Keywords: HOMA, 18-FDG PET/CT, Insulin resistance.

Correspondence: Sadiye Altun Tuzcu MD,Dicle University Department of Nuclear Medicine, Sur, Diyarbakir, 21200, Turkey, E-mail: