The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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January - March 2019, Volume 15, Issue 1
General Endocrinology

Cadirci K, Turkez H, Ozdemir O

The In Vitro Cytotoxicity, Genotoxicity and Oxidative Damage Potential of the Oral Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitor, Linagliptin, on Cultured Human Mononuclear Blood Cells

Acta Endo (Buc) 2019, 15 (1): 9-15
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2019.9

Background. Linagliptin (LNG) is a selective dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor that ameliorates blood glucose control of patients with type 2 diabetes, without developing hypoglycemic risk and weight gain with a good clinical and biological tolerance profile. To the best of our knowledge, its cytotoxic, genotoxic and oxidative effects have never been studied on any cell line. Aim. To evaluate the in vitro cytotoxic, genotoxic damage potential and antioxidant/oxidant activity of LNG in cultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Material and methods. After exposure to different doses (from 0.5 to 500 mg/L) of LNG, cell viability was measured by the MTT (3,(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage tests. The antioxidant activity was assessed by the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and total oxidative stress (TOS) assays. To evaluate the genotoxic damage potential, chromosomal aberration (CA) frequencies and 8-oxo-2’- deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) levels were determined. Results. Treatment with LNG did not cause statistically significant decreases of cell viability at lower concentrations than 100 mg/L as compared to untreated cultures. However, LNG exhibited cytotoxic action at 250 and 500 mg/L. Also, IC20 and IC50 values of LNG were determined as 8.827 and 70.307 mg/L, respectively. In addition, the oxidative analysis revealed that LNG supported antioxidant capacity at concentrations of 2.5, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 mg/L without generating oxidative stress. Besides, the results of CA and 8-oxo-dG assays showed in vitro nongenotoxic feature of LNG. As a conclusion, our findings clearly revealed that LNG had no cytotoxic and genotoxic actions, but exhibited antioxidative activity. In conclusion, therefore it is suggested that LNG use in diabetic patients is safe and provides protection against diabetic vascular and oxidative complications.

Keywords: DPP-4 inhibitor, linagliptin, cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, genotoxicity

Correspondence: Kenan Çadirci MD, Health Science University, Regional Training and Research Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Erzurum, 25050, Turkey, E-mail: