The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

April - June 2020, Volume 16, Issue 2
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Kocak MZ, Aktas G, Atak B, Bilgin S, Kurtkulagi O, Duman TT, Ozcil IE

The Association between Vitamin D Levels and Handgrip Strength in Elderly Men

Acta Endo (Buc) 2020, 16 (2): 263-266
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.263

Context. Vitamin D is a steroid hormone that acts by binding to the vitamin D receptor (VDR) found in many tissues. According to the long-term mechanism, vitamin D causes the proliferation and differentiation of muscle cells by gene transcription. Objective. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between muscle strength and serum vitamin D levels in elderly men. Design. Cross-sectional study. Subjects and Methods. Male patients over age 50 were included in the study. Study population was divided into 2 groups with handgrip strength according to body mass index, either as subjects with weak or with normal handgrip strength test (HGST). Vitamin D levels and other variables compared between weak and normal groups. Results. Vitamin D level of weak and normal groups were 7.5 (3-19.9) μg/L, and 11.6 (11.6-34.9) μg/L, which means significant reduced vitamin D levels in weakness group (p=0.01). Vitamin D levels were significantly correlated with HGST levels (r:0.362, p=0.001). Vitamin D levels were found to be an independent predictor of weakness according to HGST in logistic regression analysis (OR: 0.453, 95% Cl:0.138-0.769, p=0.05). Conclusions. Low vitamin D level is an independent risk factor for muscle weakness in men aged more than 50 years. Therefore, vitamin D levels should be screened and early replacement should be initiated for the sake of improvement of muscle strength in elderly subjects that vulnerable for frailty.

Keywords: vitamin D, muscle strength, handgrip stress test.

Correspondence: Gulali Aktas MD, Abant Izzet Baysal University Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, 14200, Golkoy, Bolu, Turkey, E-mail: