The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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July - September 2020, Volume 16, Issue 3

Koseoglu D, Ozdemir Baser O, Berker D, Guler S

Exenatide Treatment Reduces Thyroid Gland Volume, but Has No Effect on the Size Of Thyroid Nodules

Acta Endo (Buc) 2020, 16 (3): 275-279
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.275

Context. Exenatide is a Glucagon-like Peptide-1 receptor agonist, which is widely used for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Limited and conflicting results are present about the effect of exenatide on the thyroid gland. Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of exenatide treatment on structural and functional features of the thyroid gland in patients with T2DM. Design. The study was a prospective study, performed between 2015 and 2017. The laboratory values and thyroid ultrasonography features were compared before and after exenatide treatment. Subjects and Methods. The study included 39 obese diabetic patients. After inclusion to the study exenatide was started and patients were followed up for 6 months. Total thyroid volume, thyroid function tests, serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and calcitonin levels, the size and appearance of thyroid nodules were compared between baseline and after 6 months of treatment. Results. Exenatide at a dose of 5μg bid was started, increased to 10 μg bid after 4 weeks. We found a statistically significant decrease in thyroid volume (p=0.043) and serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels (p=0.007), whereas serum ATPO. ATGl, fT4, fT3, CEA and calcitonin levels did no change with 6 months of exenatide treatment. There were no significant differences in the size and appearance of the thyroid nodules with treatment. The thyroid volume decrease was not correlated with TSH, body mass index and HbA1c reduction. Conclusion. Exenatide treatment for 6 months decreased serum TSH levels and thyroid volume, but had no effect on thyroid nodules and serum CEA and calcitonin levels.

Keywords: calcitonin, carcinoembryonic antigen, diabetes mellitus, exenatide, thyroid nodule, thyroid volume.

Correspondence: Derya Köseoglu MD, Erol Olçok Education and Research Hospital, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Buharaevler Mah Buhara 5. Cad No:34/12, Çorum, 19200, Turkey, E-mail: