The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in Web of Science Master Journal List

Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

October - December 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4
General Endocrinology

Shakeri Moghaddam F, Ghanbari A, Fereidouni A, Khaleghian A

The Effect of Salt Supplements on Thyroid Hormones and Quality of Pregnancy in Female Hypothyroid Rats

Acta Endo (Buc) 2020, 16 (4): 396-401
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.396

Background. The use of nutrient supplements along with medication to optimize the treatment of diseases yields desirable outcomes. Hypothyroidism causes abnormalities in cells, and organs, and induces gene expression changes. The use of salt supplements and vitamins considerably helps to treat hypothyroidism. Objectives. To evaluate the effect of a food supplement containing iron, iodine, and folic acid on thyroid hormones changes as well as the quality and quantity of hypothyroid female rat’s offspring. Materials and Methods. In the current experimental study, 40 female rats were divided into six experimental and two control groups. The study was conducted in three phases. In the first phase, the role of a combinatory supplement along with levothyroxine to treat hypothyroidism by assessing T3, T4, and TSH hormones was investigated. In the second phase, the dose-depended effects of a combinatory supplement were investigated. Additionally, in the third phase, the quality and quantity of the next generation were measured in the hypothyroid female rats receiving the salt supplement. Results. The plasma level of T3, T4 and TSH in hypothyroid rats receiving nutrient supplements indicated that the use of combinatory supplements along with levothyroxine could have desirable effects on the treatment of hypothyroidism to such an extent that the level of T3 and T4 hormones in the intervention group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P≤0.01). The second phase demonstrated that the desired effects of combinatory supplements on the serum levels of T3, T4, and TSH hormones were dose-dependent so that by increasing the dosage of supplementation, a significant decrease in the TSH level was observed (P <0.05), while T3 and T4 levels increased (P <0.01). The results of the third phase demonstrated that salt supplements could be effective in reducing the number of dead or preterm pups, and the use of mineral salts along with levothyroxine could promote a healthy birth. Conclusion. Salt supplements have considerable effects on the health status of the offspring of hypothyroid rats, resulting in the birth of more healthy pups and reducing the rate of abortion or preterm births.

Keywords: Hypothyroidism, Salt Supplements, Thyroid Hormones, Levothyroxine.

Correspondence: Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry, 5th Km Damghan Road, Semnan, 3514533, Iran, E-mail: