ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA (BUC)

The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in ISI Thomson Master Journal List

Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

January - March 2020, Volume 16, Issue 1
Endocrine Care


Cerghizan A, Amorin P, Catrinoiu D, Creteanu G, Adamescu E, Moise M

Efficacy and Safety of Basal Insulin Therapy in Romanian Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Real-Life Settings: a Sub-Group Analysis of Dune Study

Acta Endo (Buc) 2020, 16 (1): 43-48
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.43

Context. Despite the available evidence showing the vital role of glycemic control in the management of type 2 diabetes, a significant proportion of patients are not achieving a good glycemic control. Objective. Here we present the results of the Diabetes Unmet Need with basal insulin Evaluation (DUNE) study for patients enrolled in Romanian centers with the aim to describe the proportion of participants who achieved individualized HbA1c targets at 12 weeks following basal insulin therapy initiation. Design. Prospective, observational study. Subjects and Methods. 355 consecutive adults with type 2 diabetes, who were newly initiated with basal insulin therapy (Newly initiated group) or had been treated for less than 12 months with basal insulin prior to study enrollment (Previously initiated group) were enrolled and followed for 12 weeks. Results. The individualized HbA1c target was achieved by 22.7% of the patients in the Newly initiated group and by 25.0% of the patients in the Previously initiated group. During the study period, in the Newly initiated group mean basal insulin dose increased from 16.2 U at baseline to 27.6 U at 12 weeks. In the Previously initiated group, the insulin dose increased from 27.4 U at baseline to 33.1 U at 12 weeks. In both groups, 9.7% and 12.8% of the patients reported at least 1 episode of symptomatic hypoglycemia. Conclusions. In real-world settings, despite insulin initiation a large number of patients fail to achieve their individualized glycemic targets. One of the reasons appeared to be linked to the insufficient basal insulin titration.

Keywords: insulin therapy, type 2 diabetes, reallife, efficacy, safety.

Correspondence: Anca Cerghizan MD, Emergency Clinical County Hospital Cluj, Clinical Center of Diabetes, 2-4 Clinicilor Street, Cluj-Napoca, 400006, Romania, E-mail: anca.cerghizan@gmail.com