The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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October - December 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4
Endocrine Care

Gulsoy Kirnap N, Kirnap M, Alshalabi O, Tutuncu NB, Haberal M

Posttransplant Diabetes Mellitus Incidence and Risk Factors in Adult Liver Transplantation Recipients

Acta Endo (Buc) 2020, 16 (4): 449-453
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.449

Aim. Posttransplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a metabolic complication that usually occurs after liver transplantation (LT) due to immunosuppression. In this study, our aim was to identify PTDM incidence after LT in our center and the potential risk factors. Materials and Methods. In this study, 238 adult LT patients were evaluated in terms of PTDM development. Results. Of 238 patients included in the study, 170 (71.4%) were male, 68 (28.6%) were female and the mean age was 43.5± 13.7 years. Of all patients, PTDM developed in 24 (10.1%). Transient-Hyperglycemia (t-HG) was detected in 31 (13%) patients. PTDM and t-HG patients had a greater body weight than non-PTDM patients (BMI kg/ m2 : 27.6± 5.3, 25.8± 4.3and 23.9± 3.3, respectively p<0.001 p= 0.028). PTDM and t-HG patients mean age was higher than non-PTDM patients (51.5± 9.68, 48.2± 11.1 and 41.5± 14 years, respectively, p= 0.002 p= 0.023). In the univariate analysis, the only independent risk factor for PTDM was age (OR 1.93, 95% CI 1.31-2.97). Conclusion. Age is the most important risk factor for PTDM development after LT. PTDM was found more common in the patient group with greater body weight. Patients with older age and greater body weight should be examined more carefully for PTDM before LT.

Keywords: posttransplant hyperglycemia, transient hyperglycemia, posttransplant complication.

Correspondence: Nazli Gulsoy Kirnap MD, Baskent University, Faculty of Medicine - Endocrinology and Metabolism, 06600, Ankara, Turkey, E-mail: