The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

in Web of Science Master Journal List

Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

October - December 2020, Volume 16, Issue 4
Case Report

Altin O, Sari R

Pericardial Type 1 Parathyromatosis: A Very Rare Cause of Primary Hyperparathyroidism

Acta Endo (Buc) 2020, 16 (4): 505-507
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.505

Background. Parathyromatosis is a rare clinical condition where hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue is scattered in the neck and the mediastinum. It is difficult to diagnose and manage due to recurrent or persistent hyperparathyroidism. Case report. We present a peculiar case of hyperparathyroidism as the parathyroid tissue was in unusual location. Scintigraphy done revealed a lesion suspicious for ectopic parathyroid tissue in the retrosternum in a 58 years old female patient with primary hyperparathyroidism. No pathologic lesions were found on neck exploration, subsequently, sternotomy was performed and suspicious lesion removed but microscopic evaluation of the frozen section found no parathyroid tissue in the resected specimen. A decision to perform thymectomy and total resection of pericardial fatty tissue was made. Final histopathology revealed parathyromatosis and confirmed the first case of pericardial type 1 parathyromatosis. Conclusion. Long-term remission is rare in these patients, sometimes needing medical treatment and multiple surgeries. In this patient, there was no recurrence during the four years follow-up. In patients with no history of neck surgery, primary parathyromatosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism.

Keywords: Hyperparathyroidism, Parathyromatosis, Pericardial, Adipose tissue.

Correspondence: Ramazan Sari MD, Istanbul Kartal “Dr. Lutfi Kirdar” City Hospital, General Surgery, Semsi Denizer Cad. E5 Karayolu Cevizli Mevkii 34890 Kartal/Istanbul, Istanbul, 34890, Turkey, E-mail: