ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA (BUC)

The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

January - March 2020, Volume 16, Issue 1
Case Series


Ozisik H, Yurekli BS, Tuncel R, Ozdemir N, Baklaci M, Ekmekci O, Saygili F

Pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism as a Cause of Fahr Syndrome: Hypoparathyroidism not the Only One

Acta Endo (Buc) 2020, 16 (1): 86-89
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2020.86

Introduction. Fahr’s syndrome is an infrequent disorder characterized by bilateral symmetrical calcification of basal ganglia and the cerebral cortex. It can be seen genetic, idiopathic, or secondary to endocrine diseases. This disease is related to different metabolic disorders particularly with diseases of the parathyroid gland. Case 1. A 63-year-old female patient applied to our clinic due to having hypoparathyroidism with bilateral basal ganglia calcification in head computed tomography(CT). She had subtotal thyroidectomy 25 years ago. In the neurological examination, mild symmetrical parkinsonism was determined. In laboratory examination Ca:8 mg/dL (8.6- 10.2), P:5.1 mg/dL (2.3-4.5), PTH:9.53 pg/mL (15-65) were detected. Calcitriol 0.25 μ/day was added to her treatment. Her parkinsonism disappeared after the treatment. Case 2. A 49-year-old male patient was consulted when he was admitted to the department of neurology in our hospital. The physical examination demonstrated the characteristics of Albright’s hereditary osteodystrophy. The neurological examination shows bilateral symmetrical bradykinesia, dysphagia, and moderate dysarthria. In the laboratory examination PTH: 46.5 ng/L(15-65), Ca:8.6 mg/dL (8.6-10.2), P:2.7 mg/dL (2.3-4.5) were detected and were all within the normal ranges. Consequently, pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism was decided as a diagnosis. G protein alpha subunit mutation (Gsα) was not detected due to technical limitations. Conclusion. When a patient is diagnosed as Fahr’s syndrome, we should keep in mind parathyroid disorders. Fahr’s syndrome must be evaluated in patients showing intracranial calcification accompanied by parathyroid diseases.

Keywords: Fahr, hypoparathyroidism, pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism.

Correspondence: Hatice Ozisik MD, Ege University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Endocrinology, Izmir, 35040, Turkey, E-mail: drhaticege@hotmail.com