The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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January - March 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1
Case Report

Narayan RK, Asghar A, Ghosh SK, Bharti S

Adrenal Myelolipoma Mimics Ectopic Adrenal or Renal Tissue: an Incidental Finding During Cadaveric Dissection

Acta Endo (Buc) 2021, 17 (1): 111-116
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.111

Context. On naked eye examination adrenal myelolipoma (AML) tissue appears to be an ectopic adrenal or renal tissue, based on the similarity to their external texture. This necessitates a histo-pathological study for confirming the origin of the tissue. Objective. To establish the origin and histological features of the incidental AML tissue found during cadaveric dissection and review the literature for similar findings with clinical picture and treatment description. Subjects and Methods. Unilateral adrenal gland obtained from cadaveric dissection was subjected to histological study by H & E staining of the slides prepared. The literature review was done from articles published in PubMed indexed journals. Case report. A case of an incidental finding of AML during cadaveric dissection is presented which on naked eye examination was appearing to be an ectopic adrenal or renal tissue, based on the similarity to their external texture. On histological examination, a thin rim of adrenocortical tissue, surrounding the mature adipose tissue, and attenuated by islets of myeloid, erythroid and megakaryocytic cell lines in varying proportions, resembling the mature bone marrow morphology, was observed. The literature review on PubMed explains similar incidental post-mortem autopsy findings due to the asymptomatic nature of the tumor. The incidence of AML varied between 0.08% and 0.2% in the last decade of the 20th century, which increased up to 10 – 15% of incidental adrenal masses due to the widespread use of non-invasive imaging modalities leading to an increase in the diagnosis of the pathology. Conclusion. Before considering the ectopic incidence of tissue during cadaveric dissection, a histopathological examination is mandatory for confirmation. Adreno-myelolipoma is an asymptomatic post-mortem finding in 10-15% of cases of adrenal tissue which mimics ectopic adrenal gland or renal tissue due to its external texture.

Keywords: Adrenomyelolipoma, myeloid, erythroid, megakaryocytic.

Correspondence: Ravi Kant Narayan MD, All India Institute of Medical Sciences - Patna, Department of Anatomy, Phulwari, Patna, Bihar, 801505, India, E-mail: