ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA (BUC)

The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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Acta Endocrinologica(Bucharest) is live in PubMed Central

April - June 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2
Perspectives


Hritcu LD, Borcea D, Anton E, Morosan S, Pasca S, Trinca C, Spataru MC, Petrariu FD, Burtan LC, Ciobica A, Curpan A , Timofte D

Experimental Induction of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and the Efficiency of Bariatric Surgery in its Reversal in Rats

Acta Endo (Buc) 2021, 17 (2): 149-156
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2021.149

Background. Following recent years, there is an increased body of literature on the connections that might exist between type 2 diabetes mellitus and the efficiency of bariatric surgery in its reversal compared to other medical approaches such as dieting. Aim. To induce experimentally type 2 diabetes mellitus in rats in order to observe the effects of bariatric surgery in the recovery as well as the reestablishment of normal insulin levels in order to extend the findings in house animals. Materials and methods. This study was conducted in three stages: the first consisted in inducing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in 40 young Wistar male rats, by initially feeding them human food high in vegetal fats, oleaginous seeds, simple and complex carbohydrates, sugars, lipids, fats, proteins and fructose for a period of 8 weeks followed by a single low dose of streptozotocin (STZ), administered through intraperitoneal injection. The second stage of the study started when the rats became obese and therefore qualified for the bariatric procedure and the third stage consisted of post-operation supervision and care. The surgical procedure, performed on 10 obese rats, consisted in reducing the size of the stomach by partial gastrectomy of a 1.5 – 2.0 cm wide and 6.5 – 7.5 cm long area on the large curvature. Results. Showed rapid improvements in body weight and blood sugar control after 9 days. Conclusion. After putting the rats on a diet high in carbohydrates, sugars, lipids and fats and administering them STZ, the induction of type 2 diabetes was successful and the partial gastrectomy led to a better blood sugar control. The bariatric procedure provides a faster therapeutic response than conventional diets.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, streptozotocin, rats, bariatric surgery

Correspondence: Liviu Catalin Burtan MD, University of Agricultural Science and Veterinary Medicine, 8 Sadoveanu Alley, Iasi, 700490, Romania, E-mail: burtan_liviu@yahoo.com