The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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April - June 2022, Volume 18, Issue 2

Saremi L, Lotfipanah S, Feizy F, Ghaffari ME, Babaniamansour S, Saltanatpour Z

Association between PRO12ALa Polymorphism of PAR?2 Gene and Coronary Artery Disease in Iranian Population with Type Two Diabetes Mellitus

Acta Endo (Buc) 2022, 18 (2): 139-144
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2022.139

Context. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the common diseases in patients with type two diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The nuclear hormone receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) plays a vital role in dyslipidemia, and oxidative stress is involved in atherogenesis. Objective. The study aimed to determine the association between Pro12Ala polymorphism of the PPARγ2 gene(rs1801282) and CAD risk in T2DM patients in the Iranian population. Design. A group of 145 T2DM patients with a history of CAD were enrolled, together with 145 sex and gender-matched individuals who had neither CAD nor history of T2DM who were enrolled in a case-control study. Subjects and Methods. Polymerase chain reactionrestriction fragment length polymorphism technique was applied to genotype the PPARγ2 gene polymorphisms. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 22. Results. CC and GC genotypes of Pro12Ala had a higher frequency in the control and case groups, respectively. The GC genotype was associated with a significantly increased CAD risk compared to the CC genotype (adjusted OR= 2.66, 95% CI = 1.5-29.5, p<0.01). The mean triglycerides and total cholesterol level were significantly higher in the CC genotype than the GC genotype in both case and control groups (p<0.05). The mean level of fasting blood glucose was significantly higher in the CC genotype compared to GC genotype in the case group (p<0.05). The mean of creatinine, lipid profiles, microalbuminuria, and hemoglobin A1c had no significant difference between CC and GC genotypes in both groups (p>0.05). Conclusion. PPARγ2 Pro12Ala polymorphism could be an essential indicator for the increased risk of CAD in the Iranian people with T2DM.

Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetes Complications, Polymorphism, Genetic

Correspondence: Zohreh Saltanatpour, PhD, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Pediatric Cell and Gene Therapy Research Center/ Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Center of Excellence, Tehran, Iran, E-mail: