The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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April - June 2022, Volume 18, Issue 2
Case Report

Almacan B, Ozdemir N, Onay H, Hekimsoy Z

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia with Compound Heterozygous I2 Splice and P453S Mutations

Acta Endo (Buc) 2022, 18 (2): 228-231
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2022.228

Background. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by congenital deficiency of enzymes involved in cortisol biosynthesis from cholesterol in the adrenal cortex. In this article, we aimed to present a 29-year-old female patient with I2 splice point mutation detected in one allele and P453S mutation on the other allele of CYP21A2 gene associated with 21-hydroxylase deficiency. Her further investigation revealed that her mother had P453S mutation and her father had I2 splice mutation. Case report. A 29-year-old woman with CAH was admitted to our clinic with the request of pregnancy. Her physical examination revealed a height of 151 cm, weight 59 kg, body mass index 25.8 kg/m2. According to Tanner staging, she had Stage 3 breast development and pubic hair. Her laboratory test results were as follows: Glucose: 79 mg/dL (70-100 mg/dL), Creatinine: 0.6 (0.5-0.95 mg/ dL), Sodium: 138 mEq/L (135-145 mEq/L), Potassium: 4.4 mEq/L (3.5-5.1 mEq/L), Cortisol: 0.05 μg/dL, ACTH: <5.00 pg/mL (5-46 pg/mL), 17-OH progesterone: 7.67 ng/mL (0-3 ng/mL). Chromosome analysis revealed a 46, XX karyotype. CYP21A2 gene mutation analysis was performed for the patient whose clinical history and laboratory results were compatible with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. During the reverse dot blot analysis, I2 splice mutation in one allele and P453S mutation in the other allele were detected. Conclusion. Although the I2 splice mutation detected in our case was mostly associated with a saltwasting form of CAH, it was thought that the other P453S mutation detected may explain the relatively good clinical course in our case.

Keywords: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, P453S mutation, I2 splice mutation.

Correspondence: Burcu Almacan MD, Celal Bayar University, School of Medicine - Endocrinology, Manisa, 45040, Turkey, E-mail: