The International Journal of Romanian Society of Endocrinology / Registered in 1938

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October - December 2022, Volume 18, Issue 4
Endocrine Care

Ozyalcin B, Sanlier N

Evaluation of Disease Acceptance, Depression, and Quality of Life in People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Acta Endo (Buc) 2022, 18 (4): 474-479
doi: 10.4183/aeb.2022.474

Context. Diabetes is a serious public health problem that is increasing worldwide. Objectives. The aim of this study is to evaluate acceptance of the illness, emotional distress, depression and quality of life in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Subjects and Methods. This study was conducted in 145 individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 73 males (50.3%) and 72 females (49.7%), ranging in age from 20 to 65 years old. Research data were collected using the face-to-face interview technique by the researchers. The Acceptance of Illness Scale for the determination of individuals’ acceptance of the illness, Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale for emotional distress, Beck Depression Inventory for depression and Short Form-36 scales for quality of life was used. Results. The mean score of individuals’ Acceptance of Illness Scale was 30.2±5.62. Compared to women, men had lower emotional distress, depression levels (p<0.05), higher physical, mental quality of life (p<0.001). Correlations among acceptance of illness, emotional distress, depression and quality of life were found to be significant (p<0.05). Also, models of multiple linear regression analysis were statistically significant (p=0.000). Conclusions. The main goal in the treatment of diabetes should be to eliminate complaints in patients, to reduce, prevent or delay the development of complications, to increase the quality of life, to ensure that the individual has a physically, emotionally, spiritually and mentally regular life in addition to metabolic control. For this reason, it is beneficial to carry out the treatment with a multidisciplinary approach in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Keywords: acceptance of illness, depression, emotional distress, quality of life, type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Correspondence: Nevin Sanlier MD, Ankara Medipol University, Nutrition and Dietetics, Haci Bayram, Talatpasa Blv No: 2, Altindag, Ankara, 06050, Turkey, E-mail: